A Product Line Life Cycle Model of Intra-industry Trade
AbstractThis paper develops a technology-gap model of intraindustry trade in oligopoly industries with megacorp pricing. Firms maximize market share by choosing available products in the product line. They produce subject to a product life cycle and a constraint that the markup over average costs must be sufficient to generate funds for investment in capacity replacement, capacity expansion to meet market growth, and for product innovation. The argument shows that research and development expenditures are a necessary form of ongoing investment, not a discretionary item as is implicit in much of the literature on the theory of the firm.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Eastern Economic Association in its journal Eastern Economic Journal.
Volume (Year): 14 (1988)
Issue (Month): 4 (Oct-Dec)
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Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Gary Hufbauer, 1970. "The Impact of National Characteristics & Technology on the Commodity Composition of Trade in Manufactured Goods," NBER Chapters, in: The Technology Factor in International Trade, pages 143-232 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Krugman, Paul, 1980. "Scale Economies, Product Differentiation, and the Pattern of Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(5), pages 950-59, December.
- Ethier, Wilfred, 1979. "Internationally decreasing costs and world trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(1), pages 1-24, February.
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