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Development Consequences of Armed Conflict

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  • Gates, Scott
  • Hegre, Håvard
  • Nygård, Håvard Mokleiv
  • Strand, Håvard
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    Abstract

    This paper conducts the first analysis of the effect of armed conflict on progress in meeting the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals. We also examine the effect of conflict on economic growth. Conflict has clear detrimental effects on the reduction of poverty and hunger, on primary education, on the reduction of child mortality, and on access to potable water. A medium-sized conflict with 2500 battle deaths is estimated to increase undernourishment an additional 3.3%, reduce life expectancy by about 1 year, increases infant mortality by 10%, and deprives an additional 1.8% of the population from access to potable water.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal World Development.

    Volume (Year): 40 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 9 ()
    Pages: 1713-1722

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:40:y:2012:i:9:p:1713-1722

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/worlddev

    Related research

    Keywords: consequences of war; development; conflict; Millennium Development Goals; growth;

    References

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    1. Tilman Bruck, 2006. "War and reconstruction in northern Mozambique," Economics of Peace and Security Journal, Economists for Peace and Security (UK), Economists for Peace and Security (UK), vol. 1(1), pages 30-39, January.
    2. Chen, Siyan & Loayza, Norman V. & Reynal-Querol, Marta, 2007. "The aftermath of civil war," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4190, The World Bank.
    3. Paul Collier & V. L. Elliott & Håvard Hegre & Anke Hoeffler & Marta Reynal-Querol & Nicholas Sambanis, 2003. "Breaking the Conflict Trap : Civil War and Development Policy," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 13938, October.
    4. Malcolm Knight & Norman Loayza & Delano Villanueva, 1996. "The Peace Dividend: Military Spending Cuts and Economic Growth," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 43(1), pages 1-37, March.
    5. Messer, Ellen & Cohen, Marc J., 2004. "Breaking the links between conflict and hunger in Africa," 2020 vision briefs, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 10, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    6. Matthew Blackwell & Stefano Iacus & Gary King & Giuseppe Porro, 2010. "CEM: Coarsened Exact Matching in Stata," BOS10 Stata Conference, Stata Users Group 8, Stata Users Group.
    7. Frances Stewart & Frank Humphreys & Nick Lea, 1997. "Civil conflict in developing countries over the last quarter of a century: An empirical overview of economic and social consequences," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(1), pages 11-41.
    8. Ghobarah, H.A.Hazem Adam & Huth, Paul & Russett, Bruce, 2004. "The post-war public health effects of civil conflict," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 59(4), pages 869-884, August.
    9. Clionadh Raleigh & Andrew Linke & HÃ¥vard Hegre & Joakim Karlsen, 2010. "Introducing ACLED: An Armed Conflict Location and Event Dataset," Journal of Peace Research, Peace Research Institute Oslo, Peace Research Institute Oslo, vol. 47(5), pages 651-660, September.
    10. Messer, Ellen & Cohen, Marc J., 2004. "Breaking the links between conflict and hunger in Africa," Issue briefs, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) 26, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    11. Salehyan, Idean & Gleditsch, Kristian Skrede, 2006. "Refugees and the Spread of Civil War," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, vol. 60(02), pages 335-366, April.
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    Cited by:
    1. Gavrilova, Evelina & Bove, Vincenzo, 2013. "Income and Livelihoods in the War in Afghanistan," MPRA Paper 50545, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Prakarsh Singh & Olga N. Shemyakina, 2013. "Gender-Differential Effects of Conflict on Education: The Case of the 1981-1993 Punjab Insurgency," HiCN Working Papers 143, Households in Conflict Network.

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