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Bridging the Gender Divide: An Experimental Analysis of Group Formation in African Villages

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  • Barr, Abigail
  • Dekker, Marleen
  • Fafchamps, Marcel

Abstract

Assorting on gender is casually observed in developing countries and is now systematically built into many group-oriented development interventions. In this paper we explore the mechanisms underlying the emergent gender assorting, using an experiment in which African villagers could form groups to share risk. We exogenously varied the extent to which grouping arrangements were enforced and, hence, the importance of trust and social enforcement as supports for group formation. Gender assorting was significant and considerable when grouping was perfectly enforced or depended on social enforcement. There was significantly less gender assorting when grouping depended on trust. Exploratory analysis suggests that this reduction in gender assorting may be owing to family ties and co-memberships in gender-mixed religions.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal World Development.

Volume (Year): 40 (2012)
Issue (Month): 10 ()
Pages: 2063-2077

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Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:40:y:2012:i:10:p:2063-2077

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/worlddev

Related research

Keywords: group formation; field experiment; social networks; Africa; Zimbabwe;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Sergio Currarini & Fernando Vega Redondo, 2010. "Search and Homophily in Social Networks," Working Papers 2010_24, Department of Economics, University of Venice "Ca' Foscari".
  2. Tara McIndoe-Calder, 2011. "Network Effects and Land Redistribution: A Natural Experiment in Zimbabwe," The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series iiisdp352, IIIS.

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