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Network Effects and Land Redistribution: A Natural Experiment in Zimbabwe

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  • Tara McIndoe-Calder

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    (Institute for International Integration Studies, Trinity College Dublin)

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    Abstract

    The paper investigates whether positive network effects may have existed between large-scale commercial farmers and small-scale communal farmers prior to the recent land redistribution in Zimbabwe. A difference-in-difference approach is used where measurement is carried out using several data sources including farm level, geographic and survey information for cotton farmers in Mashonaland Central. It tests whether the removal of large-scale farmers has resulted in a decline in productivity for those small-scale farmers close to redistributed land as compared to those located at greater distances from large-scale/commercial farms. A significant negative productivity effect is found in addition to a country-wide negative redistribution effect. The latter is most likely due to wider economic and political instability over the last 10 years.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by IIIS in its series The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series with number iiisdp352.

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    Length: 58 pages
    Date of creation: Feb 2011
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:iis:dispap:iiisdp352

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    Related research

    Keywords: Land redistribution; network effects; cotton farming; agricultural productivity; Zimbabwe;

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    1. Timothy G. Conley & Christopher R. Udry, 2010. "Learning about a New Technology: Pineapple in Ghana," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 100(1), pages 35-69, March.
    2. Jonathan Conning & James A. Robinson, 2005. "Property Rights and the Political Organization of Agriculture," Economics Working Paper Archive at Hunter College 405, Hunter College Department of Economics.
    3. Robilliard, Anne-Sophie & Sukume, Chrispen & Yanoma, Yukitsugu & Löfgren, Hans, 2001. "Land reform in Zimbabwe," TMD discussion papers 84, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    4. Abigail Barr & Marleen Dekker & Marcel Fafchamps, 2009. "Bridging the gender divide: an experimental analysis of group formation in African villages," ASC Working Papers 87, African Studies Centre (ASC), Leiden, The Netherlands.
    5. Trudy Owens, 2001. "The impact of agricultural extension on farm production in resettlement areas of Zimbabwe," CSAE Working Paper Series 2001-06, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
    6. Dalton, Timothy J. & Masters, William A. & Foster, Kenneth A., 1997. "Production costs and input substitution in Zimbabwe's smallholder agriculture," Agricultural Economics: The Journal of the International Association of Agricultural Economists, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 17(2-3), December.
    7. Oriana Bandiera & Imran Rasul, 2002. "Social Networks and Technology Adoption in Northern Mozambique," STICERD - Development Economics Papers - From 2008 this series has been superseded by Economic Organisation and Public Policy Discussion Papers 35, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, LSE.
    8. Barr, Abigail, 2004. "Forging Effective New Communities: The Evolution of Civil Society in Zimbabwean Resettlement Villages," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 32(10), pages 1753-1766, October.
    9. Poulton, Colin & Gibbon, Peter & Hanyani-Mlambo, Benjamine & Kydd, Jonathan & Maro, Wilbald & Larsen, Marianne Nylandsted & Osorio, Afonso & Tschirley, David & Zulu, Ballard, 2004. "Competition and Coordination in Liberalized African Cotton Market Systems," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 519-536, March.
    10. Binswanger, Hans P. & Deininger, Klaus & Feder, Gershon, 1993. "Power, distortions, revolt, and reform in agricultural land relations," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1164, The World Bank.
    11. Govereh, Jones & Jayne, Thomas S., 1999. "Effects of Cash Crop Production on Food Crop Productivity in Zimbabwe: Synergies or Trade-Offs?," Food Security International Development Policy Syntheses 11371, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
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