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Poverty and Inequality Among Ethnic Groups in Chile

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Author Info

  • Agostini, Claudio A.
  • Brown, Philip H.
  • Roman, Andrei C.

Abstract

Summary Despite two decades of rapid growth, indigenous Chileans are reported to face high poverty rates. However, non-representative surveys provide imprecise estimates of income, so quantifying poverty and inequality has been difficult. This paper estimates poverty and inequality using poverty mapping. In contrast to the previous studies, however, we use ethnicity rather than geography as a basis for disaggregation. We find that indigenous Chileans are indeed poorer, although we also find significant heterogeneity among ethnic groups. In addition, income inequality is generally lower for indigenous groups. These reliable estimates of poverty and inequality may improve the antipoverty targeting criteria used in Chile.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal World Development.

Volume (Year): 38 (2010)
Issue (Month): 7 (July)
Pages: 1036-1046

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Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:38:y:2010:i:7:p:1036-1046

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/worlddev

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Keywords: Latin America Chile poverty inequality ethnicity poverty mapping;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Guillermo Cruces & Marcelo Bérgolo & Andriana Conconi & Andrés Ham, 2012. "Are there Etchnic Inequality Traps in Education ? Empirical Evidence for Brazil and Chile," Working Papers PMMA 2012-05, PEP-PMMA.

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