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Managing network mobility with tradable credits

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  • Yang, Hai
  • Wang, Xiaolei
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Abstract

A system of tradable travel credits is explored in a general network with homogeneous travelers. A social planner is assumed to initially distribute a certain number of travel credits to all eligible travelers, and then there are link-specific charges to travelers using that link. Free trading of credits among travelers is assumed. For a given credit distribution and credit charging scheme, the existence of a unique equilibrium link flow pattern is demonstrated with either fixed or elastic demand. It can be obtained by solving a standard traffic equilibrium model subject to a total credit consumption constraint. The credit price at equilibrium in the trading market is also conditionally unique. The appropriate distribution of credits among travelers and correct selection of link-specific rates is shown to lead to the most desirable network flow patterns in a revenue-neutral manner. Social optimum, Pareto-improving and revenue-neutral, and side-constrained traffic flow patterns are investigated.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Transportation Research Part B: Methodological.

Volume (Year): 45 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 (March)
Pages: 580-594

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Handle: RePEc:eee:transb:v:45:y:2011:i:3:p:580-594

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Related research

Keywords: Mobility management Traffic equilibrium Tradable credits Networks Congestion pricing;

References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Wang, Xiaolei & Yang, Hai & Zhu, Daoli & Li, Changmin, 2012. "Tradable travel credits for congestion management with heterogeneous users," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 426-437.
  2. Tian, Li-Jun & Yang, Hai & Huang, Hai-Jun, 2013. "Tradable credit schemes for managing bottleneck congestion and modal split with heterogeneous users," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 1-13.
  3. Chen, Peng & Nie, Yu (Marco), 2013. "Bicriterion shortest path problem with a general nonadditive cost," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 419-435.
  4. Yang, Hai & Liu, Wei & Wang, Xiaolei & Zhang, Xiaoning, 2013. "On the morning commute problem with bottleneck congestion and parking space constraints," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 106-118.
  5. Xiao, Feng & Qian, Zhen (Sean) & Zhang, H. Michael, 2013. "Managing bottleneck congestion with tradable credits," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 1-14.
  6. Zhang, Xiaoning & Yang, Hai & Huang, Hai-Jun, 2011. "Improving travel efficiency by parking permits distribution and trading," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 45(7), pages 1018-1034, August.
  7. Fan, Wenbo & Jiang, Xinguo, 2013. "Tradable mobility permits in roadway capacity allocation: Review and appraisal," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 132-142.
  8. Chen, Linxi & Yang, Hai, 2012. "Managing congestion and emissions in road networks with tolls and rebates," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 46(8), pages 933-948.
  9. Wang, Xiaolei & Yang, Hai, 2012. "Bisection-based trial-and-error implementation of marginal cost pricing and tradable credit scheme," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 46(9), pages 1085-1096.
  10. Wu, Di & Yin, Yafeng & Lawphongpanich, Siriphong & Yang, Hai, 2012. "Design of more equitable congestion pricing and tradable credit schemes for multimodal transportation networks," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 46(9), pages 1273-1287.
  11. Bulteau, Julie, 2012. "Tradable emission permit system for urban motorists: The neo-classical standard model revisited," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 101-109.
  12. Ye, Hongbo & Yang, Hai, 2013. "Continuous price and flow dynamics of tradable mobility credits," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 436-450.
  13. He, Fang & Yin, Yafeng & Shirmohammadi, Nima & Nie, Yu (Marco), 2013. "Tradable credit schemes on networks with mixed equilibrium behaviors," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 47-65.
  14. Nie, Yu (Marco) & Yin, Yafeng, 2013. "Managing rush hour travel choices with tradable credit scheme," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 1-19.
  15. Wada, Kentaro & Akamatsu, Takashi, 2013. "A hybrid implementation mechanism of tradable network permits system which obviates path enumeration: An auction mechanism with day-to-day capacity control," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 94-112.
  16. Zhu, Shanjiang & Du, Longyuan & Zhang, Lei, 2013. "Rationing and pricing strategies for congestion mitigation: Behavioral theory, econometric model, and application in Beijing," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 210-224.
  17. Wang, Xiaolei & Ouyang, Yanfeng & Yang, Hai & Bai, Yun, 2013. "Optimal biofuel supply chain design under consumption mandates with renewable identification numbers," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 158-171.

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