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Understanding preferences for income redistribution

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  • Keely, Louise C.
  • Tan, Chih Ming

Abstract

Recent research suggests that income redistribution preferences vary across identity groups. We employ statistical learning methods that emphasize pattern recognition; classification and regression trees (CART(TM)) and random forests (RandomForests(TM)), to uncover what these groups are. Using data from the General Social Survey, we find that, out of a large set of identity markers, only race, gender, age, and socioeconomic class are important classifiers for income redistribution preferences. Further, the uncovered identity groupings are characterized by complex patterns of interaction amongst these salient classifiers. We explore the extent to which existing theories of income redistribution can explain our results, but conclude that current approaches do not fully explain the findings.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Public Economics.

Volume (Year): 92 (2008)
Issue (Month): 5-6 (June)
Pages: 944-961

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Handle: RePEc:eee:pubeco:v:92:y:2008:i:5-6:p:944-961

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505578

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Darlene Chisholm & George Norman, 2005. "When to Exit a Product: Evidence from the U.S. Motion-Pictures Exhibition Market," Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University 0522, Department of Economics, Tufts University.
  2. Antoni Calvo-Armengol & Yannis M. Ioannides, 2005. "Social Networks in Labor Markets," Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University 0517, Department of Economics, Tufts University.
  3. Darlene C. Chisholm & Margaret S. McMillan & George Norman, 2005. "Product Differentiation and Film Programming Choice: Do First-Run Movie Theatres Show the Same Films?," Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University 0523, Department of Economics, Tufts University.
  4. Louise C. Keely & Chih Ming Tan, 2005. "Understanding Divergent Views on Redistribution Policy in the United States," Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University 0515, Department of Economics, Tufts University.
  5. Erik SCHOKKAERT & Tom TRUYTS, 2014. "Preferences for redistribution and social structure," Center for Economic Studies - Discussion papers ces14.01, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centrum voor Economische Studiën.
  6. Claudia Senik & Holger Stichnoth & Karine Van Der Straeten, 2008. "Immigration and natives' attitudes towards the welfare state: Evidence from the European Social Survey," PSE Working Papers halshs-00586256, HAL.
  7. Stichnoth, Holger & van der Straeten, Karine, 2009. "Ethnic diversity and attitudes towards redistribution: a review of the literature," ZEW Discussion Papers 09-036, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  8. Gilbert E. Metcalf & Jongsang Park, 2006. "A Comment on The Role of Prices for Excludable Public Goods," NBER Working Papers 12535, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Neher, Frank, 2012. "Preferences for Redistribution around the World," Working Papers 26/2012, Universidade Portucalense, Centro de Investigação em Gestão e Economia (CIGE).
  10. Yannis M. Ioannides & Adriaan R. Soetevent, 2005. "Social Networking and Individual Outcomes Beyond the Mean Field Case," Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University 0521, Department of Economics, Tufts University.
  11. Neher, Frank, 2012. "Preferences for redistribution around the world," Discussion Papers 2012/2, Free University Berlin, School of Business & Economics.
  12. Joan Costa-i-Font & Frank Cowell, 2012. "Social identity and redistributive preferences: a survey," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 44307, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.

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