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Can structural reforms help Europe?

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  • Eggertsson, Gauti
  • Ferrero, Andrea
  • Raffo, Andrea

Abstract

Structural reforms that increase competition in product and labor markets are often indicated as the main policy option available for peripheral Europe to regain competitiveness and boost output. We show that, in a crisis that pushes the nominal interest rate to its lower bound, these reforms do not support economic activity in the short run, and may well be contractionary. In the absence of the appropriate monetary stimulus, reforms fuel expectations of prolonged deflation, increase the real interest rate, and depress aggregate demand. Our findings carry important implications for the current debate on the timing and the design of structural reforms in Europe.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Monetary Economics.

Volume (Year): 61 (2014)
Issue (Month): C ()
Pages: 2-22

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Handle: RePEc:eee:moneco:v:61:y:2014:i:c:p:2-22

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505566

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Keywords: Structural reforms; Zero lower bound; Monetary union;

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References

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Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. La dérégulation du marché du travail est-elle une solution au chômage ?
    by ? in D'un champ l'autre on 2014-04-26 13:10:00
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Cited by:
  1. Elton Beqiraj & Massimiliano Tancioni, . "Evaluating Labor Market Targeted Fiscal Policies in High Unemployment EZ Countries," Working Papers 165, University of Rome La Sapienza, Department of Public Economics.
  2. Philip R. Lane, 2013. "Growth And Adjustment Challenges For The Euro Area," The Economic and Social Review, Economic and Social Studies, Economic and Social Studies, vol. 44(2), pages 273-295.
  3. Sandra Gomes, 2014. "Euro area structural reforms in times of a global crisis," Working Papers w201408, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
  4. Gustav A. Horn & Alexander Herzog-Stein & Ansgar Rannenberg & Katja Rietzler & Silke Tober & Rudolf Zwiener, 2014. "Wirtschaftspolitische Herausforderungen 2014," IMK Report, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute 90-2014, IMK at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Macroeconomic Policy Institute.
  5. Jordi Galí, 2014. "The Effects of a Money-Financed Fiscal Stimulus," Working Papers 786, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
  6. Jordi Galí & Tommaso Monacelli, 2013. "Understanding the Gains from Wage Flexibility: The Exchange Rate Connection," Working Papers 746, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
  7. Jordi Galí & Tommaso Monacelli, 2013. "Understanding the gains from wage flexibility: The exchange rate connection," Economics Working Papers 1408, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.

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