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Evidence on Caste Based Discrimination

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  • Siddique, Zahra

Abstract

Caste based quotas in hiring have existed in the public sector in India for decades. Recently there has been debate about introducing similar quotas in private sector jobs. This paper uses a correspondence study to determine the extent of caste based discrimination in the Indian private sector. On average low-caste applicants need to send 20% more resumes than high-caste applicants to get the same callback. Differences in callback which favor high-caste applicants are particularly large when hiring is done by male recruiters or by Hindu recruiters. This finding provides evidence that differences in callback between high and low-caste applicants are not entirely due to statistical discrimination. High-caste applicants are also differentially favored by firms with a smaller scale of operations, while low-caste applicants are favored by firms with a larger scale of operations. This finding is consistent with taste-based theories of discrimination and with commitments made by large firms to hire actively from among low-caste groups.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Labour Economics.

Volume (Year): 18 (2011)
Issue (Month): S1 ()
Pages: S146-S159

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Handle: RePEc:eee:labeco:v:18:y:2011:i:s1:p:s146-s159

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/labeco

Related research

Keywords: Field experiments; Discrimination; Public policy; Human resources;

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Cited by:
  1. Larry L. Howard & Nishith Prakash, 2011. "Do Employment Quotas Explain the Occupational Choices of Disadvantaged Minorities in India?," Working papers 2012-31, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics.
  2. Ashwini Deshpande & Dean Spears, 2012. "Who Is The Identifiable Victim?--Caste Interacts With Sympathy In India," Working papers 211, Centre for Development Economics, Delhi School of Economics.
  3. Khamis, Melanie & Prakash, Nishith & Siddique, Zahra, 2010. "Consumption and Social Identity: Evidence from India," IZA Discussion Papers 5406, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  4. Xavier Fontaine & Katsunori Yamada, 2013. "Caste Comparisons: Evidence from India," ISER Discussion Paper 0867, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University.

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