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Educational mismatch, wages, and wage growth: Overeducation in Sweden, 1974-2000

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  • Korpi, Tomas
  • Tåhlin, Michael
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    Abstract

    We examine the impact of educational mismatch on wages and wage growth in Sweden. The empirical analyses, based on cross-sectional and panel data from the Level of living surveys 1974-2000, are guided by two main hypotheses: (a) that educational mismatch reflects human capital compensation rather than real mismatch, and (b) that educational mismatch is real but dissolves with time spent in the labour market, so that its impact on wages tends toward zero over a typical worker's career. Our findings do not support these hypotheses. First, significant differences in contemporaneous economic returns to education across match categories remain even after variations in ability are taken into account. Second, we find no evidence that the rate of wage growth is higher among overeducated workers than others. Our conclusion is that the overeducated are penalized early on by an inferior rate of return to schooling from which they do not recover.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Labour Economics.

    Volume (Year): 16 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 2 (April)
    Pages: 183-193

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:labeco:v:16:y:2009:i:2:p:183-193

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/labeco

    Related research

    Keywords: Educational mismatch Overeducation Wages;

    References

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    1. Duncan, Greg J. & Hoffman, Saul D., 1981. "The incidence and wage effects of overeducation," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 75-86, February.
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    5. Allen, Jim & van der Velden, Rolf, 2001. "Educational Mismatches versus Skill Mismatches: Effects on Wages, Job Satisfaction, and On-the-Job Search," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 53(3), pages 434-52, July.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:
    1. Jan Kleibrink, 2013. "Causal Effects of Educational Mismatch in the Labor Market," Ruhr Economic Papers 0421, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
    2. Stephan Kampelmann & François Rycx, 2012. "The Impact of Educational Mismatch on Firm Productivity: Evidence from Linked Panel Data," DULBEA Working Papers 12-05, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    3. Marco PECORARO, 2011. "Estimating the returns to educational mismatch with panel data: the role of unobserved heterogeneity," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2011036, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
    4. Joop Hartog & Michael Sattinger, 2012. "Nash Bargaining and the Wage Consequences of Educational Mismatches," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 12-129/V, Tinbergen Institute.
    5. Andersson Joona, Pernilla & Datta Gupta, Nabanita & Wadensjö, Eskil, 2012. "Overeducation among Immigrants in Sweden: Incidence, Wage Effects and State-dependence," SULCIS Working Papers 2012:2, Stockholm University Linnaeus Center for Integration Studies - SULCIS.
    6. Kiersztyn, Anna, 2013. "Stuck in a mismatch? The persistence of overeducation during twenty years of the post-communist transition in Poland," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 78-91.
    7. Marco PECORARO, 2011. "Is there still a wage penalty for being overeducated but well-matched in skills? A panel data analysis of a Swiss graduate cohort," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2011019, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
    8. John P. Haisken-DeNew & Jan Kleibrink, 2013. "Walking Wounded – The Causal Welfare Loss of Underemployment through Overeducation," Ruhr Economic Papers 0423, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.

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