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The problem of empirical redundancy of constructs in organizational research: An empirical investigation

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  • Le, Huy
  • Schmidt, Frank L.
  • Harter, James K.
  • Lauver, Kristy J.
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    Abstract

    Construct empirical redundancy may be a major problem in organizational research today. In this paper, we explain and empirically illustrate a method for investigating this potential problem. We applied the method to examine the empirical redundancy of job satisfaction (JS) and organizational commitment (OC), two well-established organizational constructs. Analysis based on responses from a sample of 292 employees collected at two occasions showed that: (a) the construct-level correlation between JS and OC was very high (.91) and (b) both JS and OC are similarly related to positive affectivity and negative affectivity. These results suggest that the constructs may be empirically indistinguishable, despite their well-established conceptual distinction. These findings illustrate the problem of empirical redundancy of organizational constructs and provide a basis for a possible movement towards parsimony in the realm of constructs that could open the way to more rapid advances in knowledge in organizational research.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes.

    Volume (Year): 112 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 2 (July)
    Pages: 112-125

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:jobhdp:v:112:y:2010:i:2:p:112-125

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/obhdp

    Related research

    Keywords: Construct proliferation Construct empirical redundancy Discriminant validity Job attitude Measurement error correction Disattenuation Measurement artifacts Reliability Generalizability theory Structural equation modeling;

    References

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    1. Judge, Timothy A. & Larsen, Randy J., 2001. "Dispositional Affect and Job Satisfaction: A Review and Theoretical Extension," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, vol. 86(1), pages 67-98, September.
    2. Lee Cronbach, 1947. "Test “reliability”: Its meaning and determination," Psychometrika, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 1-16, March.
    3. Singh, Jagdip, 1991. "Redundancy in constructs: Problem, assessment, and an illustrative example," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 255-280, May.
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