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Equilibrium unemployment-inequality correlation

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  • Cysne, Rubens Penha
  • Turchick, David

Abstract

A vast empirical literature implies that increases in unemployment have an aggravating impact on income inequality, whence international and intertemporal inequality comparisons might be sometimes biased. We show how job-search models can be useful in better understanding this fact. In fact, in the classic Burdett and Mortensen (1998) model, as well as in one of its many possible extensions (Bontemps et al., 2000), search frictions are a force pushing the unemployment-inequality correlation in that direction: provided that the unemployment rate is no larger than 15%, a positive correlation between unemployment and inequality unequivocally emerges.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Macroeconomics.

Volume (Year): 34 (2012)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 454-469

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jmacro:v:34:y:2012:i:2:p:454-469

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622617

Related research

Keywords: Unemployment; Income inequality; Gini coefficient; Job search;

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  1. Kenneth Burdett & Ricardo Lagos & Randall Wright, 2004. "An On-The-Job Search Model Of Crime, Inequality, And Unemployment," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 45(3), pages 681-706, 08.
  2. Blázquez, Maite & Jansen, Marcel, 2008. "Search, mismatch and unemployment," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 52(3), pages 498-526, April.
  3. Rubens Penha Cysne, 2009. "On the Positive Correlation between Income Inequality and Unemployment," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 91(1), pages 218-226, February.
  4. Bontemps, C. & Robin, J.M. & van den Berg, G.J., 1998. "Equilibrium Search with Continuous Productivity Dispersion: Theory and Non-Parametric Estimation," Papers 98-07, Centre for Labour Market and Social Research, Danmark-.
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  10. Cahuc, Pierre & Postel-Vinay, Fabien & Robin, Jean-Marc, 2003. "Wage Bargaining with On-The-Job Search: Theory and Evidence," CEPR Discussion Papers 4154, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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  13. Greiner, Alfred & Rubart, Jens & Semmler, Willi, 2004. "Economic growth, skill-biased technical change and wage inequality: A model and estimations for the US and Europe," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 26(4), pages 597-621, December.
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  23. van den Berg, Gerard J, 1999. "Empirical Inference with Equilibrium Search Models of the Labour Market," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 109(456), pages F283-306, June.
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