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The economics of adventitious presence thresholds in the EU seed market

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  • Kalaitzandonakes, Nicholas
  • Magnier, Alexandre
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    Abstract

    Since settling on its mandatory labeling rules for genetically modified (GM) foods in the late 1990s, the European Commission has considered a number of times setting tolerance levels (thresholds) for the accidental presence of GM material in conventional seeds. In every case, it has opted to defer the decision. In the absence of such thresholds, current European labeling laws require that seeds be labeled as GM if they contain any detectable trace of GMOs approved for cultivation in the EU. Conventional seeds with detectable traces of GMOs that have not been authorized for cultivation cannot be sold in the European market altogether. As the acreage of GM crops has continued to grow at a fast pace around the world, industry calls to the EU Commission for setting “practical” adventitious presence (AP) thresholds for conventional seeds in the EU have multiplied. In this paper, we examine the economics of alternative AP thresholds for conventional seeds in Europe from the perspective of those who must comply with the regulation – EU seed firms. Specifically, we first examine the operational changes that might be necessary for seed firms to comply with alternative AP thresholds for conventional seeds. Then, we analyze the associated market uncertainties, compliance costs and their implications on firm and industry competitiveness.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Food Policy.

    Volume (Year): 43 (2013)
    Issue (Month): C ()
    Pages: 237-247

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:jfpoli:v:43:y:2013:i:c:p:237-247

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/foodpol

    Related research

    Keywords: GMOs; Labeling; Minimum standards; Adventitious presence; Thresholds; Coexistence; Maize seed; Seed industry; Competitiveness; Europe;

    References

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. Giannakas Konstantinos & Kalaitzandonakes Nicholas & Magnier Alexander & Mattas Konstadinos, 2011. "Economic Effects of Purity Standards in Biotech Labeling Laws," Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization, De Gruyter, vol. 9(1), pages 1-47, April.
    2. William W. Wilson & Bruce Dahl, 2006. "Costs and Risks of Segregating GM Wheat in Canada," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 54(3), pages 341-359, 09.
    3. Kalaitzandonakes, Nicholas G. & Magnier, Alexandre, 2004. "Biotech Labeling Standards and Compliance Costs in Seed Production," Choices, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 19(1).
    4. Demont, Matty & Dillen, Koen & Daems, Wim & Sausse, Christophe & Tollens, Eric & Mathijs, Erik, 2009. "On the proportionality of EU spatial ex ante coexistence regulations," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(6), pages 508-518, December.
    5. Nicholas Kalaitzandonakes & Richard Maltsbarger & James Barnes, 2001. "Global Identity Preservation Costs in Agricultural Supply Chains," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 49(4), pages 605-615, December.
    6. Volker Beckmann & Claudio Soregaroli & Justus Wesseler, 2006. "Coexistence Rules and Regulations in the European Union," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 88(5), pages 1193-1199.
    7. Magnier, Alexandre & Kalaitzandonakes, Nicholas G. & Miller, Douglas J., 2010. "Product Life Cycles and Innovation in the US Seed Corn Industry," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, International Food and Agribusiness Management Association (IAMA), vol. 13(3).
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