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Impact of off-farm income on food security and nutrition in Nigeria

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  • Babatunde, Raphael O.
  • Qaim, Matin
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    Abstract

    While the poverty implications of off-farm income have been analyzed in different developing countries, much less is known about the impact of off-farm income on household food security and nutrition. Here, this research gap is addressed by using farm survey data from Nigeria. Econometric analyses are employed to examine the mechanisms through which off-farm income affects household calorie and micronutrient supply, dietary quality, and child anthropometry. We find that off-farm income has a positive net effect on food security and nutrition. The prevalence of child stunting, underweight, and wasting is lower in households with off-farm income than in households without. Using a structural model, we also show that off-farm income contributes to higher food production and farm income by easing capital constraints, thus improving household welfare in multiple ways.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Food Policy.

    Volume (Year): 35 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 4 (August)
    Pages: 303-311

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:jfpoli:v:35:y:2010:i:4:p:303-311

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/foodpol

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    Keywords: Farm households Food security Micronutrients Child anthropometry Off-farm income;

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    Cited by:
    1. Rijkers, Bob & Costa, Rita, 2012. "Gender and rural non-farm entrepreneurship," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6066, The World Bank.
    2. Rao, Elizaphan J.O. & Qaim, Matin, 2011. "The supermarket revolution and impacts on agricultural labor markets: Empirical evidence from Kenya," Discussion Papers 107745, Georg-August-Universitaet Goettingen, GlobalFood, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development.
    3. de Haen, Hartwig & Klasen, Stephan & Qaim, Matin, 2011. "What do we really know? Metrics for food insecurity and undernutrition," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(6), pages 760-769.
    4. Alfred Nzabakenga & Luo Xiao Feng & He Yaqin, 2013. "Agricultural Income Determinants among Smallholder Farmers: Case of Northern Part of Burundi," Asian Journal of Agriculture and rural Development, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 3(11), pages 780-787, November.
    5. Oni, Omobowale A. & Fashogbon, Ayodele E., 2013. "Food Poverty and Livelihoods Issues in Rural Nigeria," African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, African Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 8(2), August.
    6. Rao, Elizaphan J.O. & Qaim, Matin, 2013. "Supermarkets and agricultural labor demand in Kenya: A gendered perspective," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 165-176.
    7. Ibrahim, M.K. & Srinivasan, C.S., 2014. "Does Off-farm Income Alleviate Poverty and Income Inequality? Evidence from Rural Nigeria," 88th Annual Conference, April 9-11, 2014, AgroParisTech, Paris, France 170509, Agricultural Economics Society.
    8. Kabunga, Nassul, 2014. "Adoption and Impact of Improved Cow Breeds on Household Welfare and Child Nutrition Outcomes: Empirical Evidence from Uganda," 88th Annual Conference, April 9-11, 2014, AgroParisTech, Paris, France 170517, Agricultural Economics Society.
    9. Ogundari, Kolawole, 2011. "Estimating Demand for Nutrients in Nigeria: A Vector Error Correction Model," MPRA Paper 28930, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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