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Pre-IPO ownership structure and its impact on the IPO process

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  • Alavi, Arash
  • Pham, Peter Kien
  • Pham, Toan My
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    Abstract

    We investigate the impact of pre-issue ownership structure on the key decisions surrounding an IPO. We find that managerial ownership is significantly related to (1) the proportion of shares offered, (2) share allocation, and (3) direct issue-related expenses. This suggests that pre-IPO ownership by managers influences their incentive to maintain control and to lower the cost of going public. In comparison, large pre-IPO non-managerial shareholders are more concerned about exiting, and their presence tends to increase issue size and costs. Our findings indicate that differences in pre-IPO owners' incentives and bargaining power as implied by their pre-IPO shareholdings can significantly influence the IPO process.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Banking & Finance.

    Volume (Year): 32 (2008)
    Issue (Month): 11 (November)
    Pages: 2361-2375

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:32:y:2008:i:11:p:2361-2375

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jbf

    Related research

    Keywords: Agency problem Control retention Initial public offering Ownership structure;

    References

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    1. Zingales, Luigi, 1995. "Insider Ownership and the Decision to Go Public," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 62(3), pages 425-48, July.
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    Cited by:
    1. Thomas Poulsen, 2013. "Corporate control and underinvestment," Journal of Management and Governance, Springer, vol. 17(1), pages 131-155, February.
    2. Xie, Xiaoying, 2010. "Are publicly held firms less efficient? Evidence from the US property-liability insurance industry," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(7), pages 1549-1563, July.
    3. Michel, Allen & Oded, Jacob & Shaked, Israel, 2014. "Ownership structure and performance: Evidence from the public float in IPOs," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 54-61.
    4. Adams, Brian & Carow, Kenneth A. & Perry, Tod, 2009. "Earnings management and initial public offerings: The case of the depository industry," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(12), pages 2363-2372, December.
    5. Garner, Jacqueline L. & Marshall, Beverly B., 2010. "The non-7% solution," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(7), pages 1664-1674, July.
    6. Ahmad-Zaluki, Nurwati A. & Campbell, Kevin & Goodacre, Alan, 2011. "Earnings management in Malaysian IPOs: The East Asian crisis, ownership control, and post-IPO performance," The International Journal of Accounting, Elsevier, vol. 46(2), pages 111-137, June.
    7. Colaco, Hugh M.J. & Ghosh, Chinmoy & Knopf, John D. & Teall, John L., 2009. "IPOs, clustering, indirect learning and filing independently," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(11), pages 2070-2079, November.

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