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Performance of foreign subsidiaries: Does psychic distance matter?

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  • Dikova, Desislava
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    Abstract

    Psychic distance paradox emerged from studies that found a positive effect of psychic distance on subsidiary performance. Recently, it was argued that international experience influences the relationship between psychic distance and performance. We propose that the effect of market-specific knowledge, rather than general international experience, should be examined because it negates the effect of psychic distance. We study 208 foreign direct investments made by west-European MNEs in the CEE (Central and Eastern European) region between 1996 and 2002 and find that positive relationship between psychic distance and subsidiary performance is observed only in the absence of market-specific knowledge. Psychic distance has no effect on subsidiary performance when the MNEs have CEE investment experience or have established the subsidiary with a local partner.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal International Business Review.

    Volume (Year): 18 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 1 (February)
    Pages: 38-49

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:iburev:v:18:y:2009:i:1:p:38-49

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    Keywords: Market-specific experience Psychic distance paradox Subsidiary performance Transition economies;

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    Cited by:
    1. Nordman, Emilia Rovira & Tolstoy, Daniel, 2014. "Does relationship psychic distance matter for the learning processes of internationalizing SMEs?," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 30-37.
    2. Gammelgaard, Jens & McDonald, Frank & Stephan, Andreas & Tüselmann, Heinz & Dörrenbächer, Christoph, 2012. "The impact of increases in subsidiary autonomy and network relationships on performance," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 21(6), pages 1158-1172.
    3. Georgopoulos, Antonios & Preusse, Heinz Gert, 2009. "Cross-border acquisitions vs. Greenfield investment: A comparative performance analysis in Greece," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(6), pages 592-605, December.
    4. de Jong, Gjalt & van Houten, Jerry, 2014. "The impact of MNE cultural diversity on the internationalization-performance relationship," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 313-326.
    5. Hutzschenreuter, Thomas & Kleindienst, Ingo & Lange, Sandra, 2014. "Added Psychic Distance Stimuli and MNE Performance," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 38-54.

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