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International Experience and the Performance of Scandinavian Firms in China

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Author Info

  • Carlsson, Johan

    (Stockholm School of Economics)

  • Nordegren, Axel

    (Stockholm School of Economics)

  • Sjöholm, Fredrik

    (European Institute of Japanese Studies)

Abstract

Western firms locating in China face a business environment that differs from their home country environment. The differences increase uncertainties and are negative for economic performance. However, firms may differ in their ability to overcome the difficulties, depending on their previous experience. In particular, firms with experience from regions similar to China might do comparably well. We conduct a survey of Scandinavian firms with subsidiaries in China to examine their economic performance. Our results show that subsidiaries in China perform better if the firms have subsidiaries in Hong Kong, Taiwan, or Singapore. In addition, the length of subsidiaries’ operation in China, and the experience from foreign countries outside of Greater China, are also positively affecting the subsidiaries’ economic performance.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The European Institute of Japanese Studies in its series EIJS Working Paper Series with number 188.

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Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: 01 Feb 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:eijswp:0188

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Keywords: FDI; Firms; Experience; China; Scandinavia;

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  1. Pangarkar, Nitin & Lim, Hendry, 2003. "Performance of foreign direct investment from Singapore," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 12(5), pages 601-624, October.
  2. Pan, Yigang & Li, Xiaolian, 1998. "Alliance of foreign firms in equity joint ventures in China," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 7(4), pages 329-350, August.
  3. Forsgren, M., 2002. "The concept of learning in the Uppsala internationalization process model: a critical review," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 11(3), pages 257-277, June.
  4. Eriksson, Kent & Chetty, Sylvie, 2003. "The effect of experience and absorptive capacity on foreign market knowledge," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 12(6), pages 673-695, December.
  5. Fan, Ying, 2002. "Questioning guanxi: definition, classification and implications," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 11(5), pages 543-561, October.
  6. Yadong Luo, 1998. "Timing of Investment and International Expansion Performance in China," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 29(2), pages 391-407, June.
  7. J Stewart Black & Mark Mendenhall, 1991. "The U-Curve Adjustment Hypothesis Revisited: A Review and Theoretical Framework," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 22(2), pages 225-247, June.
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Cited by:
  1. Wu, Chih-Wen, 2011. "Global marketing strategy modeling of high tech products," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 64(11), pages 1229-1233.
  2. Pangarkar, Nitin, 2008. "Internationalization and performance of small- and medium-sized enterprises," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 43(4), pages 475-485, October.
  3. Lin, Feng-Jyh, 2010. "The determinants of foreign direct investment in China: The case of Taiwanese firms in the IT industry," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 63(5), pages 479-485, May.
  4. Demir, Robert & Söderman, Sten, 2007. "Skills and complexity in management of IJVs: Exploring Swedish managers' experiences in China," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 229-250, April.
  5. Dikova, Desislava, 2009. "Performance of foreign subsidiaries: Does psychic distance matter?," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 38-49, February.

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