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Decarbonization scenarios for the EU and MENA power system: Considering spatial distribution and short term dynamics of renewable generation

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  • Haller, Markus
  • Ludig, Sylvie
  • Bauer, Nico
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    Abstract

    We use the multi-scale power system model LIMES-EU+ to explore coordinated long term expansion pathways for Renewable Energy (RE) generation, long distance transmission and storage capacities for the power sector of the Europe and Middle East/North Africa (MENA) regions that lead to a low emission power system. We show that ambitious emission reduction targets can be achieved at moderate costs by a nearly complete switch to RE sources until 2050, if transmission and storage capacities are expanded adequately. Limiting transmission capacities to current levels leads to higher storage requirements, higher curtailments, and to an increase in temporal and spatial electricity price variations. Results show an escalation of electricity prices if emission reductions exceed a critical value. Adequate expansion of transmission and storage capacities shift this threshold from 70% to 90% emission reductions in 2050 relative to 2010.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421512003746
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Energy Policy.

    Volume (Year): 47 (2012)
    Issue (Month): C ()
    Pages: 282-290

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:47:y:2012:i:c:p:282-290

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/enpol

    Related research

    Keywords: Integration of renewables; Power system planning; CO2 abatement;

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    Cited by:
    1. Jägemann, Cosima & Fürsch, Michaela & Hagspiel, Simeon & Nagl, Stephan, 2013. "Decarbonizing Europe's power sector by 2050 — Analyzing the economic implications of alternative decarbonization pathways," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 622-636.
    2. Brand, Bernhard, 2013. "Transmission topologies for the integration of renewable power into the electricity systems of North Africa," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 155-166.
    3. Andreas Schröder & Maximilian Bracke, 2012. "Integrated Electricity Generation Expansion and Transmission Capacity Planning: An Application to the Central European Region," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1250, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    4. Lorenz Casimir & Gerbaulet Clemens & Holz Franziska & Abrell Jan & Hannes Weigt, 2013. "Combining Energy Networks: The Impact of Europe's Natural Gas Network on Electricity Markets until 2050," Working papers 2013/10, Faculty of Business and Economics - University of Basel.
    5. Brancucci Martínez-Anido, C. & Vandenbergh, M. & de Vries, L. & Alecu, C. & Purvins, A. & Fulli, G. & Huld, T., 2013. "Medium-term demand for European cross-border electricity transmission capacity," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 207-222.

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