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Empirical study on the environmental Kuznets curve for CO2 in France: The role of nuclear energy

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  • Iwata, Hiroki
  • Okada, Keisuke
  • Samreth, Sovannroeun

Abstract

This paper attempts to estimate the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) in the case of France by taking the role of nuclear energy in electricity production into account. We adopt the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) approach to cointegration as the estimation method. Additionally, we examine the stability of the estimated models and investigate the Granger causality relationships between the variables in the system. The results from our estimation provide evidence supporting the EKC hypothesis, and the estimated models are shown to be stable over the sample period. The uni-direction running from other variables to CO2 emissions are confirmed from the casualty tests. Specifically, the uni-directional causality relationship running from nuclear energy to CO2 emissions statistically provides evidence on the important role of nuclear energy in reducing CO2 emissions.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Energy Policy.

Volume (Year): 38 (2010)
Issue (Month): 8 (August)
Pages: 4057-4063

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Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:38:y:2010:i:8:p:4057-4063

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Keywords: CO2 Environmental Kuznets curve Nuclear;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Fujii, Hidemichi & Managi, Shunsuke, 2012. "Which Industry is Greener? Empirical Study for Nine Industries in OECD Countries," MPRA Paper 44229, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Mazzanti, M. & Musolesi, A., 2013. "Economic development and CO2 emissions: assessing the effect of policy and energy time events for advanced countries," Working Papers, Grenoble Applied Economics Laboratory (GAEL) 2013-11, Grenoble Applied Economics Laboratory (GAEL).
  3. Paul J Burke, 2011. "Climbing the electricity ladder generates carbon Kuznets curve downturns," CAMA Working Papers 2011-31, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
  4. Donatella Baiardi, 2012. "Innovation and the environmental Kuznets curve: the case of CO, NMVOCs and SOx in the Italian regions," Quaderni di Dipartimento, University of Pavia, Department of Economics and Quantitative Methods 156, University of Pavia, Department of Economics and Quantitative Methods.
  5. Zanin, Luca & Marra, Giampiero, 2012. "Assessing the functional relationship between CO2 emissions and economic development using an additive mixed model approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(4), pages 1328-1337.
  6. Itkonen, Juha, 2011. "Causal misspecifications in econometric models," MPRA Paper 31397, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Massimiliano Mazzanti & Antonio Musolesi, 2012. "Breaking Environmental Kuznets Curves. Evaluating Energy and Policy Time Events Effects on CO2 Trends for Advanced Countries," Working Papers 201214, University of Ferrara, Department of Economics.
  8. Amin Yousefi-Sahzabi & Kyuro Sasaki & Hossein Yousefi & Yuichi Sugai, 2011. "CO 2 emission and economic growth of Iran," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, Springer, vol. 16(1), pages 63-82, January.
  9. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Mutascu, Mihai & Azim, Parvez, 2013. "Environmental Kuznets curve in Romania and the role of energy consumption," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 18(C), pages 165-173.
  10. Juha Itkonen, 2010. "Internal Validity of Estimating the Carbon Kuznets Curve by Controlling for Energy Use," Ifo Working Paper Series Ifo Working Paper Nr. 95, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
  11. Park, Soonae & Lee, Youngmi, 2011. "Regional model of EKC for air pollution: Evidence from the Republic of Korea," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 39(10), pages 5840-5849, October.
  12. Wang, S.S. & Zhou, D.Q. & Zhou, P. & Wang, Q.W., 2011. "CO2 emissions, energy consumption and economic growth in China: A panel data analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 39(9), pages 4870-4875, September.
  13. Saboori, Behnaz & Soleymani, Abdorreza, 2011. "Environmental Kuznets curve in Indonesia, the role of energy consumption and foreign trade," MPRA Paper 31534, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  14. Thompson, Alexi, 2012. "Water abundance and an EKC for water pollution," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 117(2), pages 423-425.
  15. Baek, Jungho & Gweisah, Guankerwon, 2013. "Does income inequality harm the environment?: Empirical evidence from the United States," Energy Policy, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 1434-1437.
  16. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Sbia, Rashid & Hamdi, Helmi, 2013. "The Environmental cost of Skiing in the Desert? Evidence from Cointegration with unknown Structural breaks in UAE," MPRA Paper 48007, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 03 Jul 2013.

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