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Credit constraints, inequality and the growth gains from trade

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  • Caselli, Mauro

Abstract

This paper tests the hypothesis that, in the presence of credit constraints, higher wealth inequality affects negatively the growth gains from trade liberalisation. Variations in the growth rate of value added–decomposed in the growth rate of the number of establishments and the growth rate in average size–of manufacturing industries in 34 developing countries before and after trade liberalisation are used to study the effects of inequality on the difference in growth under liberalised and nonliberalised regimes. The results show that the number of firms in industries with high dependence on external finance in countries with higher inequality grow significantly slower, in both statistical and economic terms, than in industries with low dependence on external finance in countries with lower inequality following a trade liberalisation relative to the closed-economy period.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Economics Letters.

Volume (Year): 121 (2013)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 43-47

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Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolet:v:121:y:2013:i:1:p:43-47

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ecolet

Related research

Keywords: Growth; Inequality; Trade liberalisation; Credit constraints; Developing countries;

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