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Farming vs forests: Trade-off between agriculture and the extraction of non-timber forest products

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  • Illukpitiya, Prabodh
  • Yanagida, John F.
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    Abstract

    A number of empirical studies on tropical forests have focused on the issues of agricultural development and deforestation. According to these studies, deforestation is assumed to be an increasing function of agricultural yields hence implying a negative external effect. Contrary, this article presents a case which explores the trade-off between agriculture and extraction of forest products. We measure the technical efficiency of agriculture in natural forest peripheries and test the results from forest resource extraction. The study findings show that non-timber forest product extraction is a decreasing function of agricultural efficiency, hence producing a positive externality in the conversion of forest resources. This study also determines the level of efficiency improvement necessary to compensate the current income generated by non-timber forest products (NTFPs). Improving agricultural efficiency in forest peripheries should be an integral component of forest conservation policy.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Ecological Economics.

    Volume (Year): 69 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 10 (August)
    Pages: 1952-1963

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:69:y:2010:i:10:p:1952-1963

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ecolecon

    Related research

    Keywords: Biodiversity Forest dependency Non-timber forest products Opportunity cost Rural households Technical efficiency;

    References

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    Cited by:
    1. Heubach, Katja & Wittig, RĂ¼diger & Nuppenau, Ernst-August & Hahn, Karen, 2011. "The economic importance of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) for livelihood maintenance of rural west African communities: A case study from northern Benin," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(11), pages 1991-2001, September.
    2. Gren, Ing-Marie & Carlsson, Mattias, 2011. "Estimation of cost functions for preserving biodiversity in Swedish forests," 2011 International Congress, August 30-September 2, 2011, Zurich, Switzerland 114596, European Association of Agricultural Economists.

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