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The CO2 'trade balance' between Scotland and the rest of the UK: Performing a multi-region environmental input-output analysis with limited data

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  • McGregor, Peter G.
  • Swales, J. Kim
  • Turner, Karen

Abstract

In this paper we attempt an empirical application of the multi-region input-output (MRIO) method proposed by Turner, Lenzen, Wiedmann and Barrett [Turner, K., Lenzen, M., Wiedmann, T., Barrett, J., 2007. Examining the global environmental impact of regional consumption activities -- part 1: a technical note on combining input-output and ecological footprint analysis. Ecological Economics 62 (1), 37-44] in a recent issue of this journal in order to enumerate the CO2 pollution content of interregional trade flows between Scotland and the rest of the UK (RUK). We extend the analysis to account for direct emissions generation by households, as final consumers, and to a social accounting matrix (SAM), where a more comprehensive account of incomes and expenditures is possible. While the existence of significant data problems mean that the quantitative results of this study should be regarded as provisional, the interregional economy-environment IO and SAM framework for Scotland and RUK allows an illustrative analysis of some very important issues in terms of the nature and significance of interregional environmental spillovers within the UK and the existence of a CO2 'trade balance' between Scotland and RUK.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Ecological Economics.

Volume (Year): 66 (2008)
Issue (Month): 4 (July)
Pages: 662-673

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Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:66:y:2008:i:4:p:662-673

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ecolecon

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Keywords: Multi-region input-output models CO2 trade balance Environmental responsibility;

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Cited by:
  1. Chen, Z.M. & Chen, G.Q., 2011. "Embodied carbon dioxide emission at supra-national scale: A coalition analysis for G7, BRIC, and the rest of the world," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(5), pages 2899-2909, May.
  2. Kristinn Hermannsson & Stuart G McIntyre, 2013. "Local consumption and territorial based accounting for CO2 emissions," Working Papers 1315, University of Strathclyde Business School, Department of Economics.
  3. Anderson, Blake & M'Gonigle, Michael, 2012. "Does ecological economics have a future?," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 37-48.
  4. Hanley, Nick & McGregor, Peter G. & Swales, J. Kim & Turner, Karen, 2009. "Do increases in energy efficiency improve environmental quality and sustainability?," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(3), pages 692-709, January.
  5. Ha, Soo Junga & Turner, Karen & Hewings, Geoffrey, 2009. "An interregional input-output analysis of the pollution content of trade flows and environmental trade balances between five states in the US Mid-West," SIRE Discussion Papers 2009-43, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE).
  6. Gilmartin, Michelle & McGregor, Peter G & Swales, J Kim & Turner, Karen, 2011. "An integrated IO and CGE approach to analysing changes in environmental trade balances," Stirling Economics Discussion Papers 2011-04, University of Stirling, Division of Economics.
  7. Turner, Karen & Gilmartin, Michelle & McGregor, Peter G. & Swales, J. Kim, 2009. "The added value from adopting a CGE approach to analyse changes in environmental trade balances," SIRE Discussion Papers 2009-13, Scottish Institute for Research in Economics (SIRE).
  8. Michelle Gilmartin & Kim Swales & Karen Turner, 2008. "A Comparison of Results From MRIO and Interregional Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Analyses of the Impacts of a Positive Demand Shock on the ‘CO2 Trade Balance’ Between Scotland and," Working Papers 0808, University of Strathclyde Business School, Department of Economics.
  9. Minihan, Erin S. & Wu, Ziping, 2012. "Economic structure and strategies for greenhouse gas mitigation," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(1), pages 350-357.
  10. Liu, Ying & Jayanthakumaran, Kankesu & Neri, Frank, 2013. "Who is responsible for the CO2 emissions that China produces?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 1412-1419.
  11. Ryohei Nakamura, 2013. "A New Approach to the Endogenous Correction of Interregional Income Disparity: Extended Interregional IO by Trading Biomass CO2 Credit," ERSA conference papers ersa13p367, European Regional Science Association.
  12. Wiedmann, Thomas, 2009. "A review of recent multi-region input-output models used for consumption-based emission and resource accounting," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(2), pages 211-222, December.
  13. Christa Jensen & Stuart Mcintyre & Max Munday & Karen Turner, 2009. "Responsibility for regional waste generation: A single region extended input-output analysis with uni-directional trade flows," Working Papers 0924, University of Strathclyde Business School, Department of Economics.
  14. Jean-Christophe MARTIN (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113) & Patrick POINT (GREThA, CNRS, UMR 5113), 2011. "Construction of linkage indicators of greenhouse gas emissions for Aquitaine region," Cahiers du GREThA 2011-05, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
  15. Minihan, Erin S. & Wu, Ziping, 2011. "The Potential Economic and Environmental Costs of GHG Mitigation Measures for Cattle Sectors in Northern Ireland," 85th Annual Conference, April 18-20, 2011, Warwick University, Coventry, UK 108779, Agricultural Economics Society.
  16. Arndt, Channing & Makrelov, Konstantin & Thurlow, James, 2011. "Measuring the Carbon Content of the South African Economy," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

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