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Defining viable recovery paths toward sustainable fisheries

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  • Martinet, Vincent
  • Thebaud, Olivier
  • Doyen, Luc

Abstract

Cet article développe une analyse formelle des processus de restauration des pêcheries, depuis des situations de crise vers des niveaux d'exploitation soutenables ciblés. Le cadre théorique utilisé est la théorie de la viabilité. Les auteurs définissent la soutenabilité par un ensemble de contraintes économiques, écologiques et sociales qu'une pêcherie viable doit satisfaire. Les contraintes biologiques sont basées sur la définition d'une biomasse minimale du stock de ressource à préserver. Les contraintes économiques sont liées à la rentabilité des navires de la pêcherie. Les contraintes sociales font référence au maintien d'une flottille importante pour garantir l'emploi, et à une vitesse maximale d'ajustement de cette taille de flottille. En contrôlant l'ajustement de la taille de la flottille et le niveau d'effort de pêche, ils identifient les états du système bioéconomique pour lesquels une exploitation soutenable est possible, au sens où toutes les contraintes définies précédemment sont satisfaites à toute période. De tels états favorables sont appelés états viables. Ils examinent ensuite des phases de transition possibles depuis des situations de crises vers ces états viables. Ils caractérisent les sentiers de restauration par leur temps de crise, qui est défini comme le nombre de périodes pendant lesquelles les contraintes ne sont pas respectées. Cette approche est appliquée à la pêcherie langoustinière du golfe de Gascogne. Le sentier de transition identifié par l'approche de viabilité est comparé à la trajectoire historique, à un scénario d'accès libre, et à un scénario d'optimalité économique.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Ecological Economics.

Volume (Year): 64 (2007)
Issue (Month): 2 (December)
Pages: 411-422

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Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:64:y:2007:i:2:p:411-422

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ecolecon

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  1. H. Scott Gordon, 1954. "The Economic Theory of a Common-Property Resource: The Fishery," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 62, pages 124.
  2. Christophe Béné & Luc Doyen, 2000. "Storage and Viability of a Fishery with Resource and Market Dephased Seasonalities," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 15(1), pages 1-26, January.
  3. Smith, Vernon L, 1969. "On Models of Commercial Fishing," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 77(2), pages 181-98, March/Apr.
  4. Trond Bjorndal & Jon M. Conrad, 1987. "The Dynamics of an Open Access Fishery," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 20(1), pages 74-85, February.
  5. Homans, Frances R. & Wilen, James E., 1997. "A Model of Regulated Open Access Resource Use," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 1-21, January.
  6. Martinet, V. & Doyen, L., 2007. "Sustainability of an economy with an exhaustible resource: A viable control approach," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 17-39, January.
  7. Clark, Colin W. & Munro, Gordon R., 1975. "The economics of fishing and modern capital theory: A simplified approach," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 2(2), pages 92-106, December.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Joël Houdet & Michel Trommetter & Jacques Weber, 2009. "Changing business perceptions regarding biodiversity: from impact mitigation towards new strategies and practices," Working Papers hal-00412875, HAL.
  2. Krawczyk, Jacek B & Pharo, Alastair S, 2011. "Manual of VIKAASA: An application capable of computing and graphing viability kernels for simple viability problems," Working Paper Series 1878, Victoria University of Wellington, School of Economics and Finance.
  3. Baumgärtner, Stefan & Quaas, Martin F., 2009. "Ecological-economic viability as a criterion of strong sustainability under uncertainty," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(7), pages 2008-2020, May.
  4. Martinet, Vincent & Blanchard, Fabian, 2009. "Fishery externalities and biodiversity: Trade-offs between the viability of shrimp trawling and the conservation of Frigatebirds in French Guiana," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(12), pages 2960-2968, October.
  5. Krawczyk, Jacek B. & Serea, Oana-Silvia, 2007. "A viability theory approach to a two-stage optimal control problem," MPRA Paper 10103, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Jean-Christophe PEREAU (GREThA, UMR CNRS 5113) & Luc DOYEN (CNRS-MNHN, CNRS, UMR 7204) & Rich LITTLE (CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research) & Olivier THEBAUD (CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research), 2011. "The triple bottom line: Meeting ecological, economic and social goals with Individual Transferable Quotas," Cahiers du GREThA 2011-01, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
  7. Luc DOYEN (CNRS - CERSP) & Jean-Christophe PEREAU (GREThA UMR CNRS 5113), 2009. "Sustainable coalitions in the commons," Cahiers du GREThA 2009-15, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
  8. Krawczyk, Jacek B & Pharo, Alastair S, 2014. "Manual of VIKAASA 2.0: An application for computing and graphing viability kernels for simple viability problems," Working Paper Series 3432, Victoria University of Wellington, School of Economics and Finance.
  9. Derissen, Sandra & Quaas, Martin F. & Baumgärtner, Stefan, 2011. "The relationship between resilience and sustainability of ecological-economic systems," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(6), pages 1121-1128, April.
  10. Jacek Krawczyk & Alastair Pharo & Oana Serea & Stewart Sinclair, 2013. "Computation of viability kernels: a case study of by-catch fisheries," Computational Management Science, Springer, vol. 10(4), pages 365-396, December.
  11. Vincent Martinet & Michel de Lara & Julio Peña & Héctor Ramirez, 2010. "Evaluation of Management Procedures: Application to Chilean Jack Mackerel Fishery," ILADES-Georgetown University Working Papers inv255, Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines.
  12. Krawczyk, Jacek B & Pharo, Alastair & Simpson, Mark, 2011. "Approximations to viability kernels for sustainable macroeconomic policies," Working Paper Series 1531, Victoria University of Wellington, School of Economics and Finance.
  13. Da Rocha, José María & Gutiérrez Huerta, María José, 2009. "Why Economists Reject Long-Term Fisheries Management Plans?," DFAEII Working Papers 2009-03, University of the Basque Country - Department of Foundations of Economic Analysis II.
  14. Vincent Martinet & Michel De Lara & Julio Peña-Torres & Héctor Ramírez Cabrera, 2012. "Risk and Sustainability: Assessing Fisheries Management Strategies," EconomiX Working Papers 2012-11, University of Paris West - Nanterre la Défense, EconomiX.
  15. Michel De Lara & Vincent Martinet & Luc Doyen, 2010. "Risk and Sustainability : Is Viability that far from Optimality?," EconomiX Working Papers 2010-7, University of Paris West - Nanterre la Défense, EconomiX.

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