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Long-term effects of Head Start on academic and school outcomes of children in persistent poverty: Girls vs. boys

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  • Joo, Myungkook
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    Abstract

    Using various years of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics and their two Child Development Supplements of 1997 and 2002, this study focused on the long-term effects of Head Start programs on academic achievement and school outcomes of children who grew up in chronic poverty after controlling for their home environments and neighborhood qualities. Findings suggest that (1) Head Start participation was associated with higher scores on Woodcock Johnson-Revised Test and decreased involvement with school suspension, expulsion, and grade repetition throughout all school years (from age 7 to 17) for chronically poor girls and that (2) home environments and parents' education are more consistent and significant determinants of children's long-term outcomes than Early Childhood Care and Education programs including Head Start. The findings of this study offer implications for policy and research.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V98-4Y9SVKH-2/2/08395a1bf3f7fb6cef1815676caacdb8
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Children and Youth Services Review.

    Volume (Year): 32 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 6 (June)
    Pages: 807-814

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:cysrev:v:32:y:2010:i:6:p:807-814

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/childyouth

    Related research

    Keywords: Children Head Start Poverty Long-term effects Early Childhood Care and Education program (ECCE);

    References

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    1. Anderson, Michael L., 2008. "Multiple Inference and Gender Differences in the Effects of Early Intervention: A Reevaluation of the Abecedarian, Perry Preschool, and Early Training Projects," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 103(484), pages 1481-1495.
    2. Janet Currie & Duncan Thomas, 1993. "Does Head Start Make a Difference?," NBER Working Papers 4406, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Patrick Bayer & Robert McMillan, 2005. "Racial Sorting and Neighborhood Quality," NBER Working Papers 11813, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Foster, E. Michael, 2002. "Trends in Multiple and Overlapping Disadvantages among Head Start Enrollees," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 24(12), pages 933-954, December.
    5. Janet Currie & Duncan Thomas, 1998. "School Quality and the Longer-Term Effects of Head Start," NBER Working Papers 6362, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    7. Magnuson, Katherine A. & Ruhm, Christopher & Waldfogel, Jane, 2007. "Does prekindergarten improve school preparation and performance?," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 33-51, February.
    8. Janet Currie & Duncan Thomas, 1996. "Does Head Start Help Hispanic Children?," NBER Working Papers 5805, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Janet Currie, 2007. "How should we interpret the evidence about head start?," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 26(3), pages 681-684.
    10. Alison Aughinbaugh, 2001. "Does Head Start Yield Long-Term Benefits?," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 36(4), pages 641-665.
    11. Currie, Janet & Neidell, Matthew, 2007. "Getting inside the "Black Box" of Head Start quality: What matters and what doesn't," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 83-99, February.
    12. Douglas J. Besharov & Caeli A. Higney, 2007. "Head start: Mend it, don't expand it (yet)," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 26(3), pages 678-681.
    13. Richard P. Nathan, 2007. "How should we read the evidence about head start? three views," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 26(3), pages 673-674.
    14. David M. Blau, 1999. "The Effect Of Income On Child Development," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 81(2), pages 261-276, May.
    15. Reynolds, Arthur J., 1998. "Developing early childhood programs for children and families at risk: Research-based principles to promote long-term effectiveness," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 20(6), pages 503-523, July.
    16. Janet Currie, 2000. "Early Childhood Intervention Programs: What Do We Know?," JCPR Working Papers 169, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research.
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    Cited by:
    1. Nina Drange & Kjetil Telle, 2010. "The effect of preschool on the school performance of children from immigrant families. Results from an introduction of free preschool in two districts in Oslo," Discussion Papers 631, Research Department of Statistics Norway.
    2. Lee, Kyunghee, 2010. "Do early academic achievement and behavior problems predict long-term effects among Head Start children?," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(12), pages 1690-1703, December.

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