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Education, Human Capital Inequality And Economic Growth: Evidence From Turkey

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  • Nil Demet GUNGOR

Abstract

Recent studies consider the unequal dispersion of human capital as a possible explanation for regional and cross-country variations in output growth. An unequal dispersion of human capital is expected to affect growth negatively through its negative effect on human capital accumulation and on the efficient allocation of resources. The paper focuses on the relationship between human capital inequalities and economic growth for the provinces of Turkey in the period 1975-2000. Education inequality turns out to be an important factor explaining variations in output growth and there is evidence that this effect occurs mainly through the inefficiency channel.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Euro-American Association of Economic Development in its journal Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies.

Volume (Year): 10 (2010)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:eaa:eerese:v:10:y2010:i:2_4

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Related research

Keywords: human capital inequality; economic growth; panel data; Turkey.;

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  1. N. Gregory Mankiw & David Romer & David N. Weil, 1990. "A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth," NBER Working Papers 3541, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Islam, Nazrul, 1995. "Growth Empirics: A Panel Data Approach," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 110(4), pages 1127-70, November.
  3. Jayasri Dutta & J. A. Sefton & M. R. WEALE, 2001. "Income distribution and income dynamics in the United Kingdom," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(5), pages 599-617.
  4. Robert J. Barro & Jong-Wha Lee, 2000. "International Data on Educational Attainment Updates and Implications," NBER Working Papers 7911, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Lopez, Ramon & Thomas, Vinod & Yan Wang, 1998. "Addressing the education puzzle : the distribution of education and economic reform," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2031, The World Bank.
  6. Aysit Tansel & Ayadim Deniz Gungor, 2000. "Provincisl Inequalities in School Environments in Turkey," Working Papers 2003, Economic Research Forum, revised Jan 2000.
  7. Aysit Tansel & Nil Demet Gungor, 1997. "The Educational Attainment of Turkey's Labor Force: A Comparison Across Provinces and Overtime," Working Papers 9706, Economic Research Forum, revised May 1997.
  8. Checchi, Daniele & Garcia-Penalosa, Cecilia, 2004. "Risk and the distribution of human capital," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 82(1), pages 53-61, January.
  9. Felipe, J., 1997. "Total Factor Productivity Growth in East Asia: A Critical Survey," Papers 65, Asian Development Bank.
  10. Audrey Siew Kim LIM & Kam Ki TANG, 2008. "Human Capital Inequality And The Kuznets Curve," The Developing Economies, Institute of Developing Economies, vol. 46(1), pages 26-51.
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