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Antecedentes Familiares y Rendimiento Académico en los Colegios Oficiales de Cartagena

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  • Jhorland Ayala Garcia

    ()

  • Shirly Marrugo Llorente

    ()

  • Bernardo Saray Ricardo

    ()

Abstract

El presente documento analiza la importancia de los antecedentes familiares sobre el rendimiento académico de los estudiantes de los colegios públicos de Cartagena, y compara el efecto relativo de dichas características con lo que se presenta en las ciudades de Barranquilla y Bogotá. Con los resultados en matemáticas y lenguaje de la prueba saber 11 del año 2010, y empleando la metodología de regresión por cuantiles, se encontró que para el rendimiento académico en Cartagena, la educación del padre y de la madre importan sólo a partir del nivel superior, mientras que en Bogotá son significativas en todos los niveles, y la educación de la madre es más importante que la del padre. Por otro lado, ser pobre, vivir en un hogar de bajos ingresos, con un alto número de integrantes, sin dotaciones o recursos educativos, disminuyen el rendimiento académico esperado de los estudiantes de las instituciones oficiales en las tres ciudades.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by UNIVERSIDAD TECNOLÓGICA DE BOLÍVAR in its journal REVISTA ECONOMÍA & REGIÓN.

Volume (Year): (2011)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:col:000411:009181

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Keywords: Rendimiento académico; antecedentes familiares; regresiónpor cuantiles;

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  1. Hanushek, Eric A, 1986. "The Economics of Schooling: Production and Efficiency in Public Schools," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 24(3), pages 1141-77, September.
  2. Koenker,Roger, 2005. "Quantile Regression," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521845731.
  3. Gerald S. Oettinger, 1999. "Does high school employment affect high school academic performance?," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 53(1), pages 136-151, October.
  4. Ludger Woesmann, 2003. "Schooling Resources, Educational Institutions and Student Performance: the International Evidence," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 65(2), pages 117-170, 05.
  5. Ana María Iregui & Ligia Melo & Jorge Ramos, 2007. "Análisis de eficiencia de la educación en Colombia," REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO, UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO.
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