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Demanda por servicios públicos domiciliarios y pérdida irrecuperable de los subsidios: el caso colombiano

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  • Medina Carlos

    ()

  • Leonardo Morales

    ()

Abstract

En este trabajo se estiman funciones de demanda por los servicios públicos domiciliarios de agua y electricidad para una muestra de las ciudades más importantes en Colombia. Teniendo como fuente de información la Encuesta de Calidad de Vida 2003, se utiliza una metodología no lineal que aprovecha las particularidades de la función de oferta de estos bienes (bloque de precios crecientes, IBP), para identificar la demanda. Con la estimación de la función de demanda se obtienen elasticidades ingreso y precio, y se estima el efecto que tiene un aumento en el precio del consumo básico sobre el bienestar de las familias beneficiarias mediante la variación compensada y la pérdida irrecuperable, la cual se cuantifica en aproximadamente treinta y cinco millones de dólares por año, por concepto de los subsidios brutos en acueducto, alcantarillado y electricidad.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE in its journal REVISTA DESARROLLO Y SOCIEDAD.

Volume (Year): (2008)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages:

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Handle: RePEc:col:000090:005769

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Keywords: Focalización de subsidios; incidencia; bienestar; funciones de demanda de servicios públicos domiciliarios.;

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  1. G. Burtless & J. A. Hausman, 1977. "The Effect of Taxation on Labor Supply: Evaluating the Gary Negative Income Tax Experiment," Working papers 211, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  2. Baker, Paul & Blundell, Richard & Micklewright, John, 1989. "Modelling Household Energy Expenditures Using Micro-data," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 99(397), pages 720-38, September.
  3. Alejandro Gaviria & Carlos Medina & Carolina Mejia, 2006. "Assessing Health Reform in Colombia: From Theory to Practice," JOURNAL OF LACEA ECONOMIA, LACEA - LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION.
  4. Maddock, Rodney & Castano, Elkin & Vella, Frank, 1992. "Estimating Electricity Demand: The Cost of Linearising the Budget Constraint," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 74(2), pages 350-54, May.
  5. Carlos Medina & Leonardo Morales, 2006. "Stratification and Public Utility Services in Colombia: Subsidies to Households or Distortions on Housing Prices?," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 003528, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  6. Gustavo López & Elkin Castaño & Carlos Eduardo Vélez, 1992. "La demanda residencial del servicio de acueducto en Medellín, 1985-1991," Lecturas de Economía, Universidad de Antioquia, Departamento de Economía, issue 37, pages 67-104.
  7. James J. Heckman, 1977. "Dummy Endogenous Variables in a Simultaneous Equation System," NBER Working Papers 0177, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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