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Capital social e ingreso de los hogares del sector urbano en Colombia


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  • Polanía Reyes Sandra Viviana



El capital social en Colombia no ha sido gran objeto de estudio desde una perspectiva microeconómica, a pesar de que las interacciones entre actores individuales encaminadas a obtener beneficios comunes pueden ser un determinante de los ingresos de los hogares. Este estudio discute y explica la relación entre el capital social y el ingreso de los hogares urbanos en Colombia, y para tal fin utiliza la Encuesta Social de Fedesarrollo (2002) para Bogotá, Medellín, Cali y Barranquilla. El objetivo de este trabajo es el de consolidar un marco teórico que desarrolle el concepto económico del capital social. El modelo teórico planteado concluye que el efecto del capital social sobre el nivel de ingreso es positivo y se transmite a través de un multiplicador del stock del capital humano. En el análisis empírico, el capital social se mide como la participación en asociaciones voluntarias y se adopta el método de variables instrumentales para identificar los determinantes del capital social en Colombia y para examinar la relación causal entre éste y el ingreso. Los resultados sugieren que el capital social horizontal de los hogares afecta positivamente su nivel de ingreso. Se recomienda tener en cuenta las organizaciones sociales horizontales en la elaboración y aplicación de instrumentos de política de largo plazo para aumentar el ingreso y de esta forma mejorar el bienestar. Por último, se propone para estudios futuros, el desarrollo de modelos colectivos que tengan en cuenta los beneficios del capital social y análisis empíricos donde se examine su proceso de acumulación.

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Volume (Year): (2005)
Issue (Month): ()

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Handle: RePEc:col:000090:002100

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Keywords: capital social; ingreso de los hogares; Colombia; asociaciones voluntarias;

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  1. Mauricio CARDENAS SANTAMARIA, 2002. "Economic growth in Colombia: A reversal of Fortune," ARCHIVOS DE ECONOMÍA 002402, DEPARTAMENTO NACIONAL DE PLANEACIÓN.
  2. Jairo A. Arboleda & Patti L. Petesch & James Blackburn, 2004. "Voices of the Poor in Colombia : Strengthening Livelihoods, Families, and Communities," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 14923, October.
  3. Iris Bohnet & Bruno S. Frey & Steffen Huck, . "More Order with Less Law: On Contract Enforcement, Trust, and Crowding," IEW - Working Papers 052, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
  4. Filmer, Deon & Pritchett, Lant, 1998. "Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data - or tears : with an application to educational enrollments in states of India," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1994, The World Bank.
  5. Denise DiPasquale & Edward L. Glaeser, 1998. "Incentives and Social Capital: Are Homeowners Better Citizens?," NBER Working Papers 6363, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Juan-Camilo Cardenas, 2002. "Rethinking local commons dilemmas: Lessons from experimental economics in the field," Artefactual Field Experiments 00020, The Field Experiments Website.
  7. Edward L. Glaeser & David Laibson & Bruce Sacerdote, 2002. "An Economic Approach to Social Capital," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 112(483), pages 437-458, November.
  8. Sean Durkin, . "Measuring Social Capital and Its Economic Impact," University of Chicago - Population Research Center 2000-04, Chicago - Population Research Center.
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