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Capital Social E Ingreso De Los Hogares Del Sector Urbano En Colombia

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  • SANDRA VIVIANA POLANÍA REYES

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    Abstract

    La investigación del capital social en Colombia se ha circunscrito al estudio de los hogares y las comunidades dentro de las ciudades, desde la perspectiva de la antropología y la sociología. Dichas disciplinas han investigado las interacciones entre actores individuales y cómo éstas permiten alcanzar beneficios, tales como la provisión de redes de protección o la suavización del consumo. En la economía se han realizado pocos estudios microeconómicos al respecto, a pesar de que el capital social puede ser un determinante de los ingresos de los hogares. Este documento discute y explica la relación entre el capital social y el ingreso de los hogares urbanos en Colombia. El objetivo del trabajo es consolidar un marco teórico que desarrolla el concepto de capital social en la economía. El modelo teórico planteado concluye que el efecto del capital social sobre el nivel de ingreso es positivo y se trasmite a través de un multiplicador del stock de capital humano. En el análisis empírico, el capital social se mide como la densidad de las asociaciones horizontales y verticales. Dada la relación de doble causalidad entre el ingreso y el capital social, se utiliza el método de variables instrumentales para estimar los determinantes del capital social y el efecto de éste sobre el ingreso. Los resultados sugieren que el capital social de los hogares afecta positivamente su nivel de ingreso e identifica los determinantes del capital social en Colombia.

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    File URL: http://economia.uniandes.edu.co/publicaciones/d2005_50.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE in its series DOCUMENTOS CEDE with number 002099.

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    Length: 55
    Date of creation: 20 Aug 2005
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:col:000089:002099

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    Keywords: Capital social;

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    1. DiPasquale, Denise & Glaeser, Edward L., 1999. "Incentives and Social Capital: Are Homeowners Better Citizens?," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(2), pages 354-384, March.
    2. Sean Durkin, . "Measuring Social Capital and Its Economic Impact," University of Chicago - Population Research Center 2000-04, Chicago - Population Research Center.
    3. Narayan, Deepa & Pritchett, Lant, 1999. "Cents and Sociability: Household Income and Social Capital in Rural Tanzania," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 47(4), pages 871-97, July.
    4. Alberto Alesina & Eliana La Ferrara, 1999. "Participation in Heterogeneous Communities," NBER Working Papers 7155, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Woolcock, Michael & Narayan, Deepa, 2000. "Social Capital: Implications for Development Theory, Research, and Policy," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 15(2), pages 225-49, August.
    6. Jacoby, Hanan G & Skoufias, Emmanuel, 1997. "Risk, Financial Markets, and Human Capital in a Developing Country," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 64(3), pages 311-35, July.
    7. Iris Bohnet & Bruno S. Frey & Steffen Huck, . "More Order with Less Law: On Contract Enforcement, Trust, and Crowding," IEW - Working Papers 052, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
    8. Filmer, Deon & Pritchett, Lant, 1998. "Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data - or tears : with an application to educational enrollments in states of India," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1994, The World Bank.
    9. Robison, Lindon J. & Myers, Robert J. & Siles, Marcelo E., 1999. "Social Capital, The Terms Of Trade, And The Distribution Of Income," Staff Papers 11546, Michigan State University, Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics.
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