Child Nutrition in India in the Nineties: A Story of Increased Gender Inequality?
AbstractWe establish some new interesting stylized facts on the changes in boy versus girl nutritional status in India during the nineties, a period of rapid economic growth. Our analysis is based on the comparison, over time and across genders, of the distribution of z-scores calculated for height and weight measures. Overall, we find that child nutrition improved substantially, but we also find that gender differences in nutritional status increased as well, with nutritional status improving substantially more for boys than for girls. Consistent with a large literature that shows the existence of a steep North-South gradient in gender inequality in India, we find that changes in nutritional status appear to be much more similar between genders in the South. We also estimate predicted changes in nutritional status based on changes in the distribution of household wealth (proxied by asset ownership) and a few other observed household characteristics. Actual changes appear to be relatively close to predicted ones in urban areas. For children living in the rural sector the results are more mixed, and we observe that actual changes in weight are quite larger than predicted ones for boys, while they are much worse than the predicted ones for girl height. We also estimate that the predicted changes are generally larger for boys than for girls.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Duke University, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 05-06.
Length: 41 pages
Date of creation: 2005
Date of revision:
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Postal: Department of Economics Duke University 213 Social Sciences Building Box 90097 Durham, NC 27708-0097
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Child Nutrition; India; Child Anthropometry;
Other versions of this item:
- Alessandro Tarozzi & Aprajit Mahajan, 2005. "Child Nutrition in India in the Nineties: A Story of Increased Gender Inequality?," Discussion Papers 04-029, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research.
- I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Production
- J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
- O53 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2005-06-05 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2005-06-05 (Development)
- NEP-HEA-2005-06-05 (Health Economics)
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