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Zur geschlechtsspezifischen Intrahaushaltsverteilung von Entscheidungsmacht in Europa

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  • Katharina Mader
  • Alyssa Schneebaum

Abstract

Der Haushalt ist eine „Black Box“ in Bezug auf Entscheidungsfindungsprozesse, auf individuelle Präferenzen einzelner Haushaltsmitglieder und auf die Rolle von Geschlecht und Geschlechterverhältnissen in Entscheidungsprozessen. Bislang gibt es noch keine großräumige, jedenfalls aber keine überregionalen Untersuchungen darüber, wie finanzielle Entscheidungen in Haushalten getätigt werden und welche Faktoren die Entscheidungsmacht vor allem von Frauen innerhalb eines Haushaltes beeinflussen. Aufbauend auf einem Überblick über die existierende ökonomische Literatur zu Intra- Haushaltsentscheidungsfindung verwenden wir die Daten des Sondermoduls der Erhebung EU-SILC 2010, um den Zusammenhang zwischen persönlichen Merkmalen, wie Geschlecht, und Entscheidungsmacht bzw. -zuständigkeiten zu untersuchen. Wir können für Europa zeigen, dass Frauen weitaus häufiger für alltägliche Ausgaben und Ausgaben für Kinder zuständig sind, während Männer vorrangig die finanziellen Entscheidungen eines Haushalts treffen. Zudem hängt eine größere Intrahaushalts- Ungleichverteilung von Einkommen oder Bildung mit einer geringeren Wahrscheinlichkeit zusammen, dass Paare Entscheidungen gemeinsam treffen – ebenso verhält es sich mit einer Hausfrau im Haushalt. Weitere interessante Muster der Entscheidungsfindung zeigen sich beim Vergleich der europäischen Länder: In Südeuropa zum Beispiel korrelieren die Unterschiede in der Bildung der Partner nicht so stark mit Entscheidungsmacht wie im Rest Europas. Und in Osteuropa treffen Frauen im Vergleich zu Frauen in anderen Teilen Europas vor allem dann Entscheidungen eher alleine, wenn der Haushalt schwierigeren wirtschaftlichen Bedingungen entgegensieht.

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Article provided by Kammer für Arbeiter und Angestellte für Wien, Abteilung Wirtschaftswissenschaft und Statistik in its journal Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft (WuG).

Volume (Year): 39 (2013)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 361-403

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Handle: RePEc:clr:wugarc:y:2013:v:39i:3p:361

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