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Pourquoi donner de l'aide ?

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  • Jan Willem Gunning

Abstract

In recent years the policy debate on development aid has focused on aid?s effectiveness. There has been relatively little discussion of the justification for aid, as opposed to other rich countries? policies that may help developing countries. Implicitly effectiveness is considered as not only a necessary but also a sufficient justification for aid. In this paper we argue that the traditional justification for aid (the inability of poor countries to borrow in international markets) has lost much of its relevance. The paper suggests that there is a new case for aid in four areas. The justification is based on (a) asymmetric information on the policy environment in developing countries (b) the cost of taxation in recipient countries (c) the incentive effects of credible donor commitment to selectivity (d) the need for international public goods in the areas of conflict and risk. Ironically, while in these areas thee is a convincing case for aid, donors appear to have a preference for using aid in situations where there is no strong case for it.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by De Boeck Université in its journal Revue d'économie du développement.

Volume (Year): 19 (2005)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 7-50

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Handle: RePEc:cai:edddbu:edd_192_0007

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  1. Patrick GUILLAUMONT & Lisa CHAUVET, 1999. "Aid and Performance: A Reassessment," Working Papers, CERDI 199910, CERDI.
  2. Hansen, Henrik & Tarp, Finn, 2001. "Aid and growth regressions," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 64(2), pages 547-570, April.
  3. Chris Elbers & Jan Willem Gunning & Bill Kinsey, 2007. "Growth and Risk: Methodology and Micro Evidence," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, World Bank Group, vol. 21(1), pages 1-20.
  4. Paul Collier & Jan Willem Gunning, 1998. "Explaining African economic performance," Economics Series Working Papers, University of Oxford, Department of Economics WPS/1997-02.2, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  5. Udry, Christopher, 1994. "Risk and Insurance in a Rural Credit Market: An Empirical Investigation in Northern Nigeria," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 61(3), pages 495-526, July.
  6. David Dollar & Craig Burnside, 2000. "Aid, Policies, and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 90(4), pages 847-868, September.
  7. Carl-Johan Dalgaard & Henrik Hansen & Finn Tarp, 2004. "On The Empirics of Foreign Aid and Growth," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 114(496), pages F191-F216, 06.
  8. Paul Collier & P. Guillaumont & S. Guillaumont Jeanneney & Jan Willem Gunning, 1999. "Reforming Stabex," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(5), pages 669-682, 07.
  9. Tito Cordella & Eduardo Levy Yeyati, 2004. "Country Insurance," Business School Working Papers, Universidad Torcuato Di Tella countryinsurance, Universidad Torcuato Di Tella.
  10. Collier, Paul & Hoeffler, Anke & Soderbom, Mans, 2001. "On the duration of civil war," Policy Research Working Paper Series, The World Bank 2681, The World Bank.
  11. Paul Collier & Jan Willem Gunning, 1999. "The IMF's role in structural adjustment," CSAE Working Paper Series 1999-18, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
  12. Collier, Paul & Dollar, David, 2002. "Aid allocation and poverty reduction," European Economic Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 46(8), pages 1475-1500, September.
  13. McGillivray, Mark, 1989. "The allocation of aid among developing countries: A multi-donor analysis using a per capita aid index," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 561-568, April.
  14. repec:fth:oxesaf:99-18 is not listed on IDEAS
  15. Adam, Christopher & Chambas, Gerard & Guillaumont, Patrick & Guillaumont Jeanneney, Sylviane & Gunning, Jan Willem, 2004. "Performance-Based Conditionality: A European Perspective," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 32(6), pages 1059-1070, June.
  16. Paul Collier & Marcel Fafchamps & Francis Teal & Stefan Dercon, 1998. "Contract flexibility and conflict resolution: evidence from African manufacturing," Economics Series Working Papers, University of Oxford, Department of Economics WPS/1998-21, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  17. Henrik Hansen & Finn Tarp, 2000. "Aid effectiveness disputed," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(3), pages 375-398.
  18. Adam, Christopher S. & Gunning, Jan Willem, 2002. "Redesigning the Aid Contract: Donors' Use of Performance Indicators in Uganda," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 30(12), pages 2045-2056, December.
  19. C. S. Adam & S. A. O'Connell, 1999. "Aid, Taxation and Development in Sub-Saharan Africa," Economics and Politics, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 11(3), pages 225-253, November.
  20. Alex Mourmouras & Peter Rangazas, 2004. "Conditional Lending Under Altruism," IMF Working Papers, International Monetary Fund 04/100, International Monetary Fund.
  21. Eaton, Jonathan, 1989. "Foreign public capital flows," Handbook of Development Economics, Elsevier, in: Hollis Chenery & T.N. Srinivasan (ed.), Handbook of Development Economics, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 25, pages 1305-1386 Elsevier.
  22. Oecd, 2003. "Aid Effectiveness and Selectivity: Integrating Multiple Objectives into Aid Allocations," OECD Journal on Development, OECD Publishing, OECD Publishing, vol. 4(3), pages 7-40.
  23. McGillivray, Mark, 2003. "Aid Effectiveness and Selectivity: Integrating Multiple Objectives into Aid Allocations," Working Paper Series, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER) UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  24. Collier, Paul & Guillaumont, Patrick & Guillaumont, Sylviane & Gunning, Jan Willem, 1997. "Redesigning conditionality," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 25(9), pages 1399-1407, September.
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