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Breaking up the collective farms

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  • Martin Ravallion
  • Dominique van de Walle

Abstract

The de-collectivization of Vietnamese agriculture was a crucial step in the country's transition to a market economy. The assignment of land-use rights had to be decentralized and local cadres ostensibly had the power to capture this process. We assess the realized land allocation against explicit counter-factuals. Depending on the region, we find that 95-99 percent of maximum aggregate consumption was realized by a land allocation that generated lower inequality overall, with the poorest absolutely better off. We attribute this outcome to initial conditions at the time of reform and actions by the centre to curtail the power of local elites. Copyright (c) The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 2004.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in its journal The Economics of Transition.

Volume (Year): 12 (2004)
Issue (Month): 2 (06)
Pages: 201-236

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Handle: RePEc:bla:etrans:v:12:y:2004:i:2:p:201-236

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Cited by:
  1. Fredrik Carlsson & Pham Khanh Nam & Martin Linde-Rahr & Peter Martinsson, 2007. "Are Vietnamese farmers concerned with their relative position in society?," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(7), pages 1177-1188.
  2. Klump, R. & Prüfer, P., 2006. "Prioritizing Policies for Pro-Poor Growth: Applying Bayesian Model Averaging to Vietnam," Discussion Paper 2006-117, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  3. Klaus Deininger & Songqing Jin, 2008. "Land Sales and Rental Markets in Transition: Evidence from Rural Vietnam," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 70(1), pages 67-101, 02.
  4. Finn Tarp & Thomas Markussen, 2011. "Political Connections and Investment in Rural Vietnam," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Working Paper W, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  5. Marsh, Sally P. & MacAulay, T. Gordon, 2003. "Farm Size and Land Use Changes in Vietnam Following Land Reforms," 2003 Conference (47th), February 12-14, 2003, Fremantle, Australia 57919, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
  6. Ravallion, Martin & van de Walle, Dominique, 2006. "Does rising landlessness signal success or failure for Vietnam's agrarian transition?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3871, The World Bank.
  7. Klump, Rainer & Prüfer, Patricia, 2005. "How to prioritise policies for poverty reduction: Applying Bayesian Model Averaging to Vietnam," Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Kiel 2005 27, Verein für Socialpolitik, Research Committee Development Economics.

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