Does rising landlessness signal success or failure for Vietnam's agrarian transition?
AbstractIn the wake of reforms to establish a free market in land-use rights, Vietnam is experiencing a pronounced rise in rural landlessness. To some observers this is a harmless by-product of a more efficient economy, while to others it signals the return of the pre-socialist class-structure, with the rural landless at the bottom of the economic ladder. The authors'theoretical model suggests that removing restrictions on land markets will increase landlessness among the poor, but that there will be both gainers and losers, with uncertain impacts on aggregate poverty. Empirically, they find that landlessness is less likely for the poor and that the observedrise in landlessness is poverty reducing on balance. However, there are marked regional differences, notably between the north and the south.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 3871.
Date of creation: 01 Apr 2006
Date of revision:
Land Use and Policies; Rural Land Policies for Poverty Reduction; Rural Poverty Reduction; Rural Development Knowledge&Information Systems;
Other versions of this item:
- Ravallion, Martin & van de Walle, Dominique, 2008. "Does rising landlessness signal success or failure for Vietnam's agrarian transition?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(2), pages 191-209, October.
- C72 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Noncooperative Games
- D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design
- L14 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Transactional Relationships; Contracts and Reputation
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-AGR-2006-04-01 (Agricultural Economics)
- NEP-ALL-2006-04-01 (All new papers)
- NEP-DEV-2006-04-01 (Development)
- NEP-TRA-2006-04-01 (Transition Economics)
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