Agrichemical Reduction Policy: Its Effect on Income and Income Distribution
AbstractWhen farm chemical use is restricted, gross farm income rises, but net income may fall. A 10-sector applied general equilibrium model was used to arrive at this assessment. Compared are a chemical use tax, an input restriction on chemicals, and a farm sales restriction imposed on input suppliers. The tax and sales restrictions reduce net income because of rising costs, while the input restriction holds the potential for raising net farm income.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service in its journal Journal of Agricultural Economics Research.
Volume (Year): (1991)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
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farm chemicals; farm income; computable general equilibrium; input reduction; Farm Management;
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- McKenzie, G W & Pearce, I F, 1982. "Welfare Measurement-A Synthesis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(4), pages 669-82, September.
- Hertel, Thomas W., 1990. "General Equilibrium Analysis of U.S. Agriculture: What Does It Contribute?," Journal of Agricultural Economics Research, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, issue 3.
- Senauer, Benjamin, 1993. "The Impact Of Reduced Agricultural Chemical Use On Food: A Review Of The Literature For The United States," Working Papers 14450, University of Minnesota, Center for International Food and Agricultural Policy.
- C. Rendleman & Kenneth Reinert & James Tobey, 1995. "Market-based systems for reducing chemical use in agriculture in the United States," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 5(1), pages 51-70, January.
- Johnstone, Nick & Alavalapati, Janaki R.R., 1998. "The Distributional Effects of Environmental Tax Reform," Discussion Papers 24140, International Institute for Environment and Development, Environmental Economics Programme.
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