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Top 10% Institutions and Economists in the Field of European Economics, as of March 2018

What this page is about

This page is part of a larger set of rankings for research items, serials, authors and institutions made available on this site. A FAQ is available.

  • Only authors registered with the RePEc Author Service are considered.
  • Only works listed on RePEc and claimed as theirs by registered authors are counted.
  • A series of rankings by different criteria are aggregated. The average rank score is determined by taking a harmonic mean of the ranks in each criterion. For a list of criteria, see the general ranking page.
  • Authors with multiple affiliations are attributed to each institution according to the weights they have set to each in their profile, or by default according to a formula described here.
  • Authors affiliated with subentities of institutions listed in EDIRC are also counted in the latter.
  • Only institutions listed in EDIRC are counted.
  • Subentities of ranked institutions do not increment the rank count and have their rank listed in parentheses.
  • The scores of institutions in each field are determined by a weighted sum of all scores of authors affiliated with the respective institutions, where the authors have provided weights if they have multiple affiliations. The weights are determined, for each author, by the proportion of all working papers announced in NEP that have also been announced in this NEP report.
  • Please note that rankings can depend on the number of registered authors in the respective institutions. Register at the RePEc Author Service to be counted.
  • There are 7552 institutions with 52630 registered authors evaluated for all the rankings.

The rankings

Top 10% institutions in the field of European Economics

For European Economics, these are 1456 authors affiliated with 2200 institutions.
All authors classified in this field.

RankInstitutionScoreAuthorsAuthor shares
1European Central Bank

Frankfurt am Main, Germany

1.1119364
2Banca d'Italia

Roma, Italy

2.8419939.18
2International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

2.8440523.06
4London School of Economics (LSE)

London, United Kingdom

4.872988.65
5Banco de España

Madrid, Spain

5.338919.61
6Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi

Milano, Italy

8.321669.18
7Banque de France

Paris, France

9.3214318.77
8National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

9.393830.99
9Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Économiques (OCDE)

Paris, France

12.2722915.91
10ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München e.V.

München, Germany

12.971737.9
11Paris School of Economics

Paris, France

16.11814.3
12de Nederlandsche Bank

Amsterdam, Netherlands

16.978717.28
13Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management, Université Libre de Bruxelles

Bruxelles, Belgium

17.231637.28
14Department of Economics, Harvard University

Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

17.81751.98
15Department of Economics, Oxford University

Oxford, United Kingdom

19.291733.81
16Peter G. Peterson Institute for International Economics (IIE)

Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

19.5363.1
---Economics Department, London School of Economics (LSE)

London, United Kingdom

20.06561.32
17Sciences économiques, Sciences Po

Paris, France

20.32925.04
18Deutsche Bundesbank

Frankfurt, Germany

20.5310520.64
19DIW Berlin (Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung)

Berlin, Germany

21.261447.95
20Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London, United Kingdom

21.492721.43
21Faculteit Economie en Bedrijfskunde, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

Groningen, Netherlands

23.84754.1
22Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Bonn, Germany

24.276405.27
---Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research (IGIER), Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi

Milano, Italy

25.2480.97
23Federal Reserve Board (Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System)

Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

26.651674.57
24Bank for International Settlements (BIS)

Basel, Switzerland

27.95704.61
25Directorate-General Economic and Financial Affairs, European Commission

Bruxelles/Brussel, Belgium

28.445111.31
26Department of Economics, Trinity College Dublin

Dublin, Ireland

30.31471.33
27Athens University of Economics and Business (AUEB)

Athens, Greece

34.77718.86
28School of Economics and Management, Universiteit van Tilburg

Tilburg, Netherlands

36.261434.15
---European Centre for Advanced Research in Economics and Statistics (ECARES), Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management, Université Libre de Bruxelles

Bruxelles, Belgium

38.21671.41
---Economics Department, Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Économiques (OCDE)

Paris, France

38.73698.9
29Bruegel

Bruxelles/Brussel, Belgium

39.48204.44
30Economics Department, Dartmouth College

Hanover, New Hampshire (USA)

40.62370.46
31Department of Economics, Princeton University

Princeton, New Jersey (USA)

41.63450.31
32Istituto Einaudi per l'Economia e la Finanza (EIEF)

Roma, Italy

42.13221.54
33Department of Economics, University of California-Berkeley

Berkeley, California (USA)

44.86510.32
34Handelshögskolan i Stockholm

Stockholm, Sweden

45.11631.22
35United Nations University-Maastricht Economic Research Institute of Innovation and Technology (UNU-MERIT)

Maastricht, Netherlands

46.081032.55
36Department of Economics, University College London (UCL)

London, United Kingdom

46.54711.6
37Bank of Greece

Athens, Greece

46.98369.42
38Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (Barcelona GSE)

Barcelona, Spain

48.571474.4
39Bank of England

London, United Kingdom

48.8619112.85
40Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche, Alma Mater Studiorum - Università di Bologna

Bologna, Italy

49.321105.91
41Faculteit Economie en Bedrijfskunde, Universiteit van Amsterdam

Amsterdam, Netherlands

49.45832.39
42Centro Studi di Economia e Finanza (CSEF)

Napoli, Italy

50.57481.29
43Banco de Portugal

Lisboa, Portugal

51.074612.15
44Booth School of Business, University of Chicago

Chicago, Illinois (USA)

53.28540.5
45Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaft, Goethe Universität Frankfurt am Main

Frankfurt am Main, Germany

56.84703.53
---Research Department, International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

57.38623.98
46Institut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet

Aarhus, Denmark

59.181104.39
47Dipartimento di Economia e Statistica "Cognetti de Martiis", Università degli Studi di Torino

Torino, Italy

59.25501.36
---Department of Economics, Sciences économiques, Sciences Po

Paris, France

62.77341.04
48Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University

Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

62.92720.4
49Faculteit Economie en Bedrijfswetenschappen, KU Leuven

Leuven, Belgium

63.491324.23
---Economics Group, Nuffield College, Department of Economics, Oxford University

Oxford, United Kingdom

63.8260.25
---Centre de recherche en Économie (OFCE), Sciences économiques, Sciences Po

Paris, France

64.59464
50Federal Reserve Bank of New York

New York City, New York (USA)

64.88761.02
---Centre for Economic Performance (CEP), London School of Economics (LSE)

London, United Kingdom

68.54720.74
51Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (WIFO)

Wien, Austria

68.58556.44
52London Business School (LBS)

London, United Kingdom

70.25312.46
---CentER for Economic Research, School of Economics and Management, Universiteit van Tilburg

Tilburg, Netherlands

70.751052.96
53Toulouse School of Economics (TSE)

Toulouse, France

70.841532.47
54International Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies

Genève, Switzerland

72.41511.12
55Department of Economics and Related Studies, University of York

York, United Kingdom

73.06862.13
56Dipartimenti e Istituti di Scienze Economiche, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore

Italy

73.46766.18
---Departament d'Economia i Empresa, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (Barcelona GSE)

Barcelona, Spain

74.55802.68
---Department of Economics, London Business School (LBS)

London, United Kingdom

74.93121.46
57Department of Economics, University of Chicago

Chicago, Illinois (USA)

76.31600.44
58Oesterreichische Nationalbank

Wien, Austria

76.66334.29
---Research in Economics and Mathematics (REM), Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão (ISEG), Universidade de Lisboa

Lisboa, Portugal

78.74573.69
59Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

81.69390.28
60Tinbergen Instituut

Amsterdam, Netherlands

81.731231.68
61Faculteit Economie en Bedrijfskunde, Universiteit Gent

Gent, Belgium

82.88573.54
62Central Bank of Ireland

Dublin, Ireland

83315.07
63Centre de Recherche en Économie et Statistique (CREST)

France

85.1901.79
---Research and Statistics Group, Federal Reserve Bank of New York

New York City, New York (USA)

85.6570.43
64Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung (ZEW)

Mannheim, Germany

88.041506.32
65Bangor Business School, Bangor University

Bangor, United Kingdom

88.43343.19
66Groupe EDHEC (École de Hautes Études Commerciales du Nord)

Lille/Paris, France

89.56132.16
---Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs (ELS), Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Économiques (OCDE)

Paris, France

89.93332.68
67CESifo

München, Germany

91.752651.71
---Unidade de Estudos sobre Complexidade e Economia (UECE), Research in Economics and Mathematics (REM), Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão (ISEG), Universidade de Lisboa

Lisboa, Portugal

93.82392.8
68Nationale Bank van België/Banque national de Belqique (BNB)

Bruxelles/Brussel, Belgium

95.1266.19
69Joint Research Centre, European Commission

Ispra, Italy

95.51778.81
70Institute for International Economic Studies (IIES), Stockholms Universitet

Stockholm, Sweden

96.1271.75
71Department of Economics, New York University (NYU)

New York City, New York (USA)

96.15472.14
72World Bank Group

Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

96.914867.98
---Département Comptabilité, Droit, Finance et Économie, Groupe EDHEC (École de Hautes Études Commerciales du Nord)

Lille/Paris, France

97.9101
---Centrum voor Economische Studiën, Faculteit Economie en Bedrijfswetenschappen, KU Leuven

Leuven, Belgium

98.3551.98
73Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Universität Duisburg-Essen

Essen, Germany

98.44314.13
74Schweizerische Nationalbank (SNB)

Bern/Zürich, Switzerland

99.57807.73
75Faculty of Economics and Management, University of Cyprus

Nicosia, Cyprus

99.86292.23
76Saïd Business School, Oxford University

Oxford, United Kingdom

100.32280.86
77Directorate-General Taxation and Custom Union, European Commission

Bruxelles/Brussel, Belgium

101.05136.2
---Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, University of Cyprus

Nicosia, Cyprus

101.32232.23
78Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco

San Francisco, California (USA)

101.49400.57
---Volkswirtschaftslehre, Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Universität Duisburg-Essen

Essen, Germany

103.19173.92
79Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche "Marco Fanno", Università degli Studi di Padova

Padova, Italy

104.95411.64
80Sveriges Riksbank

Stockholm, Sweden

105.82395.13
81Fakultät für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Universität Wien

Wien, Austria

106.67550.71
82Abteilung für Volkswirtschaftslehre, Universität Mannheim

Mannheim, Germany

107.28511.07
83Adam Smith Business School, University of Glasgow

Glasgow, United Kingdom

107.42501.1
---Department of Economics, Adam Smith Business School, University of Glasgow

Glasgow, United Kingdom

107.42401.1
---Economic Research, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco

San Francisco, California (USA)

109.45340.55
84Department of Economics, University of Warwick

Coventry, United Kingdom

109.59831.08
85Dipartimento di Economia, Management e Metodi Quantitativi (DEMM), Università degli Studi di Milano

Milano, Italy

111.07904.63
86WU Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien

Wien, Austria

111.33685.28
87Česká Národní Banka

Praha, Czech Republic

113.7808.15
88Bundesministerium der Finanzen, Government of Germany

Bonn, Germany

113.9682.56
89Department of Economics, Northwestern University

Evanston, Illinois (USA)

114.3370.12
---Vakgroep Financiële Economie, Faculteit Economie en Bedrijfskunde, Universiteit Gent

Gent, Belgium

114.79131.53
---Institut für Volkswirtschaftslehre, Fakultät für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Universität Wien

Wien, Austria

115.88310.66
90Facultat d'Economia i Empresa, Universitat de Barcelona

Barcelona, Spain

116.271195.19
91Wiener Institut für Internationale Wirtschaftsvergleiche (WIIW)

Wien, Austria

119.54264.32
92Department of Economics, University of Southern California

Los Angeles, California (USA)

121.36490.17
92School of Economics, Finance and Management, University of Bristol

Bristol, United Kingdom

121.36551.45
94Economics Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

123.83470.19
95Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad Complutense de Madrid

Madrid, Spain

124.08754.44
96Harvard Business School, Harvard University

Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

126.85410.33
97Management School, Lancaster University

Lancaster, United Kingdom

127.23592.58
98EconomiX, Université Paris Ouest-Nanterre la Défense (Paris X)

Nanterre, France

127.561145.71
99Department of Economics, State University of New York-Albany (SUNY)

Albany, New York (USA)

128.28201.33
100IESE Business School, Universidad de Navarra

Barcelona, Spain

128.63130.48
101Economics Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Madison, Wisconsin (USA)

129.61340.25
---European Institute, London School of Economics (LSE)

London, United Kingdom

132.53122.57
102Economics Department, Georgetown University

Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

132.68440.81
103Institut ekonomických studií, Univerzita Karlova v Praze

Praha, Czech Republic

134.33906
104School of Business and Economics, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

Amsterdam, Netherlands

135.62941.28
105Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI)

Dublin, Ireland

137.25582.63
106Faculteit der Economische Wetenschappen, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam

Rotterdam, Netherlands

138.561082.41
107Szkoła Główna Handlowa w Warszawie

Warszawa, Poland

138.861029.95
108Department of Economics, University of Houston

Houston, Texas (USA)

139.58220.39
109University of Piraeus

Piraeus, Greece

140.43512.74
110Economics Department, University of Michigan

Ann Arbor, Michigan (USA)

141.51600.33
111Institutet för Näringslivsforskning (IFN)

Stockholm, Sweden

141.6761.5
112Centro de Estudios Monetarios y Financieros (CEMFI)

Madrid, Spain

144.74210.7
113Department of Economics, European University Institute

Firenze, Italy

147.19301.69
114Suomen Pankki

Helsinki, Finland

148.17283.1
115Department of Management, Technology and Economics (D-MTEC), Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich (ETHZ)

Zürich, Switzerland

148.19791.76
116Økonomisk Institut, Københavns Universitet

København, Denmark

151.07710.89
117Ekonomihögskolan, Lunds Universitet

Lund, Sweden

151.741012.62
118W.P. Carey School of Business, Arizona State University

Tempe, Arizona (USA)

152.38521.01
---Department of Economics, Athens University of Economics and Business (AUEB)

Athens, Greece

153.24211.97
119Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaft, Freie Universität Berlin

Berlin, Germany

154.68371.02
---Department of Economics, Management School, Lancaster University

Lancaster, United Kingdom

155.15462.39
---Department of Economics, Handelshögskolan i Stockholm

Stockholm, Sweden

155.51190.35
120Department of Economics, Boston College

Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts (USA)

156.11540.25
121Economics Department, University of California-Davis

Davis, California (USA)

156.46440.43
122Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakutät, Universität Zürich

Zürich, Switzerland

158.731352.21
123Department of Economics and Finance, Brunel University

Uxbridge, United Kingdom

159.42151.23
124Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad del País Vasco - Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea

Bilbao, Spain

159.87925.68
125Facultad de Economía, Universidad de València

València, Spain

160.48652.63
---Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza, Dipartimenti e Istituti di Scienze Economiche, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore

Milano, Italy

160.53352.66
126Kelley School of Business, Indiana University

Bloomington, Indiana (USA)

161.57241.14
127Institutul National de Cercetari Economice (INCE), Academia Romana

Bucureşti, Romania

163.591333.93
---Dipartimento di Economia "Ettore Bocconi", Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi

Milano, Italy

164.66321.59
---Department of Economics, W.P. Carey School of Business, Arizona State University

Tempe, Arizona (USA)

165.12410.9
---Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza, Facoltà di Economia, Università degli Studi di Roma "Tor Vergata"

Roma, Italy

165.15602.24
128Facultade de Ciencias Económicas e Empresariais, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela

Santiago de Compostela, Spain

166.08313.77
129Hertie School of Governance

Berlin, Germany

166.9481.45
130Hans Böckler Stiftung

Düsseldorf, Germany

166.98364.3
131Institut für Volkswirtschaftslehre, Johannes-Kepler-Universität Linz

Linz, Austria

168.18390.62
132Wirtschaftswissenschaftlicher Fachbereich, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn

Bonn, Germany

168.29510.77
---Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse School of Economics (TSE)

Toulouse, France

168.48231.17
---Nationalekonomiska Institutionen, Ekonomihögskolan, Lunds Universitet

Lund, Sweden

170.25662.06
---Département d'Économie Appliquée (DULBEA), Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management, Université Libre de Bruxelles

Bruxelles, Belgium

172.2243.87
---SOM Research Institute, Faculteit Economie en Bedrijfskunde, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

Groningen, Netherlands

172.47220.78
133Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão (ISEG), Universidade de Lisboa

Lisboa, Portugal

172.61966.93
134Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (USA)

174.83350.15
135Stern School of Business, New York University (NYU)

New York City, New York (USA)

176.81581.05
---Dipartimento di Finanza, Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi

Milano, Italy

176.91262.05
136Business School, King's College London

London, United Kingdom

179.52150.82
---Centre for Business Taxation, Saïd Business School, Oxford University

Oxford, United Kingdom

179.83100.33
---Econometria, Facultade de Ciencias Económicas e Empresariais, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela

Santiago de Compostela, Spain

180.03133.2
137Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education and Economics Institute (CERGE-EI)

Praha, Czech Republic

182.05932.5
138Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS)

London, United Kingdom

183.02660.93
139Walter A. Haas School of Business, University of California-Berkeley

Berkeley, California (USA)

183.05430.13
140Business School, Imperial College

London, United Kingdom

183.71401.27
---Abteilung Geld und Währung, Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaft, Goethe Universität Frankfurt am Main

Frankfurt am Main, Germany

186.3491.52
141Monash Business School, Monash University

Melbourne, Australia

186.571502.01
---Dipartimento di Economia, Metodi Quantitativi e Strategie d'Impresa (DEMS), Scuola di Economia e Statistica, Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca

Milano, Italy

186.75442.46
142Scuola di Economia e Statistica, Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca

Milano, Italy

186.75522.46
143School of Economics, University College Dublin

Dublin, Ireland

188.84321.32
144Centre d'Économie de la Sorbonne, Université Paris 1 (Panthéon-Sorbonne)

Paris, France

189.431462.86
---Department Volkswirtschaft, WU Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien

Wien, Austria

190.8354.61
145Joint Research Centre, European Commission

Sevilla, Spain

190.971795.48
---KOF Swiss Economic Institute, Department of Management, Technology and Economics (D-MTEC), Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich (ETHZ)

Zürich, Switzerland

191.95381.05
146Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät, Humboldt-Universität Berlin

Berlin, Germany

192.32822.47
147School of Economics and Finance, Queen Mary University of London

London, United Kingdom

192.9430.53
148Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung Halle (IWH)

Halle, Germany

194.27531.55
149Departamento de Economía, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Madrid, Spain

195.41560.91
---Abteilung Volkswirtschaftslehre, Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaft, Freie Universität Berlin

Berlin, Germany

197.37170.75
150Graduate School of Business, Columbia University

New York City, New York (USA)

197.84421.51
---Finance and Economics Department, Graduate School of Business, Columbia University

New York City, New York (USA)

199.63271.51
151School of Business, Management and Economics, University of Sussex

Brighton, United Kingdom

201.75862.35
152École des Sciences Économiques de Louvain, Université Catholique de Louvain

Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium

202.261192.1
153Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS)

Bruxelles/Brussel, Belgium

202.43143.4
154Henley Business School, University of Reading

Reading, United Kingdom

202.58262.16
155School of Economics and Political Science, Universität St. Gallen

Sankt Gallen, Switzerland

205.38592.56
156Facoltà di Economia, Università degli Studi di Roma "Tor Vergata"

Roma, Italy

205.55982.46
---Finance Unit, Harvard Business School, Harvard University

Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

208.6100.29
157Cardiff Business School, Cardiff University

Cardiff, United Kingdom

210.09522.63
158Department of Economics, Johns Hopkins University

Baltimore, Maryland (USA)

210.87170.23
159Krannert School of Management, Purdue University

West Lafayette, Indiana (USA)

212.8320.48
160School of Economics, University of Nottingham

Nottingham, United Kingdom

214.41881.2
161Department of Economics, University of Minnesota

Minneapolis, Minnesota (USA)

215.15310.66
162Institute for Social and Economic Research (ISER), University of Essex

Colchester, United Kingdom

220.85401.81
163Centraal Planbureau (CPB), Government of the Netherlands

Den Haag, Netherlands

228.22272.3
164Inter-American Development Bank

Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

229.091161.29
165School of Economics, University of Manchester

Manchester, United Kingdom

230.12491.35
166Dipartimento di Economia, Università Ca' Foscari Venezia

Venezia, Italy

230.85702.79
167Bank of Canada

Ottawa, Canada

230.861312.02
168School of Business and Economics, Maastricht University

Maastricht, Netherlands

231.7811.97
169Department of Economics, University of Birmingham

Birmingham, United Kingdom

233.92330.62
170Institutet för Social Forskning (SOFI), Stockholms Universitet

Stockholm, Sweden

234.52381.51
---Economics Section, Cardiff Business School, Cardiff University

Cardiff, United Kingdom

235.19382.33
171Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg

Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany

237.52200.67
---Department of Accounting and Finance, Athens University of Economics and Business (AUEB)

Athens, Greece

238.27153.75
172Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb, Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

München, Germany

240.7960.35
173Centre d'études prospectives et d'informations internationales (CEPII)

Paris, France

240.85472.16
174Faculdade de Economia, Universidade do Coimbra

Coimbra, Portugal

241.26575.03
175Istituto Nazionale di Statistica (ISTAT)

Italy

241.79343.03
176Department of Economics, Stanford University

Stanford, California (USA)

242.56530.21
177Geary Institute, University College Dublin

Dublin, Ireland

242.9211.04
178National Institute of Economic and Social Research (NIESR)

London, United Kingdom

245.43392.69
---Financial Markets Group (FMG), London School of Economics (LSE)

London, United Kingdom

245.8161
179Warwick Business School, University of Warwick

Coventry, United Kingdom

245.86290.57
180Faculté des Hautes Études Commerciales (HEC), Université de Lausanne

Lausanne, Switzerland

246.62521.23
181École d'Économie d'Aix-Marseille, Aix-Marseille Université

Aix-en-Provence/Marseille, France

246.661011.35
182Economics Department, Brown University

Providence, Rhode Island (USA)

246.74570.33
183Dipartimento di Economia "Marco Biagi", Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia

Modena, Italy

248.01462.62
184Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Universität Konstanz

Konstanz, Germany

248.28431.3
---Economic Analysis & Policy Group (EAP), Walter A. Haas School of Business, University of California-Berkeley

Berkeley, California (USA)

248.950.05
185Economics Department, University of Essex

Colchester, United Kingdom

248.97450.71
186Department of Economics, Leicester University

Leicester, United Kingdom

249.21360.63
187European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)

London, United Kingdom

249.33120.98
188Cass Business School, City University

London, United Kingdom

249.77380.53
189RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung

Essen, Germany

253.6651.77
190Department of Economics, University of Maryland

College Park, Maryland (USA)

253.75470.22
---Nationalökonomisk Institut, Institut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet

Aarhus, Denmark

253.81111.73
191School of Business and Economics, Universidade Nova de Lisboa

Lisboa, Portugal

254.74442.44
192Anderson Graduate School of Management, University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA)

Los Angeles, California (USA)

254.87290.11
193Økonomisk institutt, Universitetet i Oslo

Oslo, Norway

255.9510.62
194Essex Business School, University of Essex

Colchester, United Kingdom

259.3281.03
195Department of Economics, Ryerson University

Toronto, Canada

259.38241
---Groupement de Recherche en Économie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille (GREQAM), École d'Économie d'Aix-Marseille, Aix-Marseille Université

Marseille, France

259.84881.32
---Institutul de Prognoza Economica, Institutul National de Cercetari Economice (INCE), Academia Romana

Bucureşti, Romania

261.01381.63
196Centre d'Économie de l'Université Paris-Nord (CEPN), Université Paris-13

Paris, France

261.46502.51
197Institut für Weltwirtschaft (IfW)

Kiel, Germany

262.21662.15
198Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis

Minneapolis, Minnesota (USA)

262.47270.29
---Research Department, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis

Minneapolis, Minnesota (USA)

266.92160.29
199Faculté de droit, d'économie et de finance, Université du Luxembourg

Luxembourg, Luxembourg

267.21573.79
200Department of Economics, George Washington University

Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

268.4620.57
---Department of Business Economics and Public Policy, Kelley School of Business, Indiana University

Bloomington, Indiana (USA)

270.51160.94
---Centre de Recerca en Economia Internacional (CREI), Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (Barcelona GSE)

Barcelona, Spain

271.79130.14
201Turun Kauppakorkeakoulu, Turun Yliopisto

Turku, Finland

271.79181.79
202Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza (DEF), Libera Università Internazionale degli Studi Sociali Guido Carli (LUISS)

Roma, Italy

272.4382.81
203College of Business, University of Tennessee-Knoxville

Knoxville, Tennessee (USA)

275.61231
204Collegio Carlo Alberto, Università degli Studi di Torino

Moncalieri, Italy

277.76541.01
---Department of Accountancy, Economics and Finance, School of Management and Languages, Heriot-Watt University

Edinburgh, United Kingdom

278.06160.65
205School of Management and Languages, Heriot-Watt University

Edinburgh, United Kingdom

278.06180.65
---Department of Economics, University of Piraeus

Piraeus, Greece

280.3222.46
206Swiss Finance Institute

Genève/Zürich, Switzerland

280.96210.26
207Department of Economics, School of Arts and Sciences, Columbia University

New York City, New York (USA)

284.28500.13
208Copenhagen Business School

København, Denmark

285.8731.44
209Department of Economics, University of California-Irvine

Irvine, California (USA)

287.01370.14
210Közgazdaság-tudományi Intézet, Közgazdaság- és Regionális Tudományi Kutatóközpont, Magyar Tudományos Akadémia

Budapest, Hungary

287.23651.78
211Volkswirtschaftliche Fakultät, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München

München, Germany

291.2760.53
212Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB)

Nürnberg, Germany

291.27592.01
213Facoltà di Economia "Giorgio Fuà", Università Politecnica delle Marche

Ancona, Italy

292562.49
---Departament d'Anàlisi Económica, Facultad de Economía, Universidad de València

València, Spain

292.3281.24
214Department of Economics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Jerusalem, Israel

294.42330.57
215Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät, Leibniz Universität Hannover

Hannover, Germany

295.94601.98
216School of Economics, University of Kent

Canterbury, United Kingdom

297.8480.81
217Fachbereich Volkswirtschaftslehre, Universität Hamburg

Hamburg, Germany

300.89341.48
218Department Volkswirtschaftlehre, Universität Bern

Bern, Switzerland

301.31320.5
219Faculté de droit, d'économie et de gestion, Université d'Orléans

Orléans, France

301.45453.62
---Institut für Volkswirtschaftslehre, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakutät, Universität Zürich

Zürich, Switzerland

304.23811.93
220Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge

Cambridge, United Kingdom

305.89650.47

The rankings

Top 10% authors in the field of European Economics

For European Economics, these are 1456 authors affiliated with 2200 institutions.
All authors classified in this field.

RankAuthorScore
1Christopher A Pissarides

Economics Department, London School of Economics (LSE), London, United Kingdom
Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Management, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus

5.08
2Philip Richard Lane

Department of Economics, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland

5.26
3Martin S. Feldstein

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

6.38
4Alberto Alesina

Department of Economics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

7.08
5Jeffrey Alexander Frankel

Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

9.45
6Lucrezia Reichlin

Department of Economics, London Business School (LBS), London, United Kingdom

10.23
7Jakob de Haan

Faculteit Economie en Bedrijfskunde, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands

11.03
8Olivier J Blanchard

Peter G. Peterson Institute for International Economics (IIE), Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

12.16
9Hans-Werner Sinn

ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München e.V., München, Germany

12.75
10Giuseppe Bertola

Dipartimento di Economia e Statistica "Cognetti de Martiis", Università degli Studi di Torino, Torino, Italy

14.44
11Antonio Afonso

Unidade de Estudos sobre Complexidade e Economia (UECE), Research in Economics and Mathematics (REM), Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão (ISEG), Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal

14.7
12Olympia Bover

Banco de España, Madrid, Spain

14.96
13Ansgar Belke

Volkswirtschaftslehre, Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany

15.68
14Frank Rafael Smets

European Central Bank, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

15.71
15Roel Maria Wilhelmus Jozef Beetsma

Faculteit Economie en Bedrijfskunde, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands

15.74
16Betty C. Daniel

Department of Economics, State University of New York-Albany (SUNY), Albany, New York (USA)

17.82
17Maurice Obstfeld

International Monetary Fund (IMF), Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

17.9
18Andre Sapir

European Centre for Advanced Research in Economics and Statistics (ECARES), Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles, Belgium
Bruegel, Bruxelles/Brussel, Belgium

18.18
19Günter Coenen

European Central Bank, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

20.33
20Marcel Fratzscher

DIW Berlin (Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung), Berlin, Germany

21.68
21Ludger Schuknecht

Bundesministerium der Finanzen, Government of Germany, Bonn, Germany

21.93
22David G. Blanchflower

Economics Department, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire (USA)

24.53
23Juergen von Hagen

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR), London, United Kingdom

26.01
24Michael Ehrmann

European Central Bank, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

28.42
25Marco Pagano

Centro Studi di Economia e Finanza (CSEF), Napoli, Italy

29.82
26Harald Uhlig

Department of Economics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (USA)

31.26
27Jose Manuel Campa

IESE Business School, Universidad de Navarra, Barcelona, Spain

32.66
28Richard B. Freeman

Centre for Economic Performance (CEP), London School of Economics (LSE), London, United Kingdom
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

32.91
29Mark E Schaffer

Department of Accountancy, Economics and Finance, School of Management and Languages, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

35.3
30Jorn-Steffen Pischke

Economics Department, London School of Economics (LSE), London, United Kingdom

35.48
31Jordi Gali

Centre de Recerca en Economia Internacional (CREI), Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (Barcelona GSE), Barcelona, Spain

38.04
32Barry Julian Eichengreen

Department of Economics, University of California-Berkeley, Berkeley, California (USA)

39.6
33Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano

Economics Department, London School of Economics (LSE), London, United Kingdom

40.12
34Gabriel Perez Quiros

Banco de España, Madrid, Spain

41.62
35Lars E. O. Svensson

Handelshögskolan i Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden

42.61
36Linda L. Tesar

Economics Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (USA)

44.25
37Clemens Fuest

ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München e.V., München, Germany

45.13
38Massimiliano Marcellino

Dipartimento di Economia "Ettore Bocconi", Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi, Milano, Italy
Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research (IGIER), Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi, Milano, Italy

45.54
39Stefan Gerlach

Central Bank of Ireland, Dublin, Ireland

45.82
40Ronald MacDonald

Department of Economics, Adam Smith Business School, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

47.13
41Stefano Neri

Banca d'Italia, Roma, Italy

48.07
42Guido Tabellini

Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research (IGIER), Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi, Milano, Italy

49.16
43Timo Wollmershäuser

ifo Institut - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung an der Universität München e.V., München, Germany

51.02
44Paul De Grauwe

European Institute, London School of Economics (LSE), London, United Kingdom

51.83
45Ignazio Angeloni

52.5
46Ruud Aloysius de Mooij

CESifo, München, Germany

52.75
47Athanasios Orphanides

Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

52.79
48Tullio Jappelli

Centro Studi di Economia e Finanza (CSEF), Napoli, Italy

53.86
49Willem Hendrik Buiter

School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA), Columbia University, New York City, New York (USA)
Maurice R. Greenberg Center for Geoeconomic Studies, Council on Foreign Relations, Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

55.32
50Guntram Wolff

Bruegel, Bruxelles/Brussel, Belgium

55.98
51Massimo Giuliodori

Faculteit Economie en Bedrijfskunde, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands

56.52
52Andrew Kenan Rose

Economic Analysis & Policy Group (EAP), Walter A. Haas School of Business, University of California-Berkeley, Berkeley, California (USA)

57.42
53Gert Peersman

Vakgroep Financiële Economie, Faculteit Economie en Bedrijfskunde, Universiteit Gent, Gent, Belgium

60.06
54Jan in 't Veld

Directorate-General Economic and Financial Affairs, European Commission, Bruxelles/Brussel, Belgium

60.38
55John Michael van Reenen

Centre for Economic Performance (CEP), London School of Economics (LSE), London, United Kingdom

62.14
56Alessandro Turrini

Directorate-General Economic and Financial Affairs, European Commission, Bruxelles/Brussel, Belgium
Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano (Ld'A), Milano/Torino, Italy

62.34
57Friedrich Georg Schneider

Institut für Volkswirtschaftslehre, Johannes-Kepler-Universität Linz, Linz, Austria

63.5
58Domenico Giannone

Research and Statistics Group, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, New York City, New York (USA)

66.29
59Robert Kollmann

European Centre for Advanced Research in Economics and Statistics (ECARES), Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles, Belgium

66.31
60M Hashem Pesaran

Department of Economics, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California (USA)

67.77
61George S. Tavlas

Bank of Greece, Athens, Greece

68.76
62David H. Papell

Department of Economics, University of Houston, Houston, Texas (USA)

69.98
63Simone Manganelli

European Central Bank, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

71.05
64Luigi Guiso

Istituto Einaudi per l'Economia e la Finanza (EIEF), Roma, Italy

72.45
65Balázs Égert

Economics Department, Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Économiques (OCDE), Paris, France

74.31
66Angela Maddaloni

European Central Bank, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

75.28
67Ashoka Mody

International Monetary Fund (IMF), Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

76.73
68Stephen George Hall

Department of Economics, Leicester University, Leicester, United Kingdom

77.74
69Klaus F. Zimmermann

United Nations University-Maastricht Economic Research Institute of Innovation and Technology (UNU-MERIT), Maastricht, Netherlands

79.77
70Michael John Artis †

80.06
71Leo Michelis

Department of Economics, Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada

80.37
72Francesco Paolo Mongelli

European Central Bank, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

81.29
73Daniel Gros

Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS), Bruxelles/Brussel, Belgium

81.34
74Sylvester Eijffinger

CentER for Economic Research, School of Economics and Management, Universiteit van Tilburg, Tilburg, Netherlands

81.95
75Jacques Mairesse

Centre de Recherche en Économie et Statistique (CREST), France
United Nations University-Maastricht Economic Research Institute of Innovation and Technology (UNU-MERIT), Maastricht, Netherlands

81.97
76Benoit Mojon

Banque de France, Paris, France

82.06
77Charles Engel

Economics Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin (USA)

83.13
78Jose-Luis Peydro

Departament d'Economia i Empresa, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics (Barcelona GSE), Barcelona, Spain

84.22
79Gian Maria Milesi-Ferretti

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR), London, United Kingdom
International Monetary Fund (IMF), Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

84.83
80Philip Arestis

Department of Land Economy, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

85.83
81Fabio Canova

Department of Economics, European University Institute, Firenze, Italy

85.88
82David G. Mayes †

87.95
83Carlo Favero

Dipartimento di Finanza, Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi, Milano, Italy

88
84Eckhard Hein

Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Hochschule für Wirtschaft und Recht, Berlin, Germany

88.3
85Maria-Carmen Guisan

Econometria, Facultade de Ciencias Económicas e Empresariais, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain

89.52
86Lars Birger Jonung

Nationalekonomiska Institutionen, Ekonomihögskolan, Lunds Universitet, Lund, Sweden

92.27
87Christian Dustmann

Department of Economics, University College London (UCL), London, United Kingdom
Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), University College London (UCL), London, United Kingdom

93.22
88Oreste Tristani

European Central Bank, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

93.52
89Huw Pill

European Central Bank, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

94.28
90Volker Wieland

Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaft, Goethe Universität Frankfurt am Main, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

95.32
91Kjell G. Nyborg

Institut für Banking und Finance (Institut für Schweizerisches Bankwesen), Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakutät, Universität Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland

96.18
92Edward Nelson

Federal Reserve Board (Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System), Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

96.92
93Ricardo Reis

Economics Department, London School of Economics (LSE), London, United Kingdom

97.14
94Gaëtan J.A. Nicodème

Directorate-General Taxation and Custom Union, European Commission, Bruxelles/Brussel, Belgium

97.54
95Matteo Ciccarelli

European Central Bank, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

97.61
96Luis J. Alvarez

Banco de España, Madrid, Spain

97.71
97Zsolt Darvas

Bruegel, Bruxelles/Brussel, Belgium

99.05
98Enrique G. Mendoza

Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (USA)

99.84
99Jesús Saurina

100.49
100Richard Portes

Department of Economics, London Business School (LBS), London, United Kingdom

100.62
101Linda S. Goldberg

Research and Statistics Group, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, New York City, New York (USA)

103.06
102Simon Sosvilla-Rivero

Instituto Complutense de Estudios Internacionales (ICEI), Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain

105.01
103Paul Joseph Van den Noord

Chatham House, London, United Kingdom

105.97
104Assar Lindbeck

Institutet för Näringslivsforskning (IFN), Stockholm, Sweden
Institute for International Economic Studies (IIES), Stockholms Universitet, Stockholm, Sweden

106.83
105Helge Berger

Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaft, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany
International Monetary Fund (IMF), Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

107.85
106Bronwyn Hughes Hall

Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb, Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, München, Germany

107.86
107David Marques-Ibanez

European Central Bank, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

112.36
108Christian Dreger

DIW Berlin (Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung), Berlin, Germany

113.13
109Samuel Bentolila

Centro de Estudios Monetarios y Financieros (CEMFI), Madrid, Spain

113.3
110Tamim A Bayoumi

International Monetary Fund (IMF), Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

114.09
111Patrick Honohan

Department of Economics, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland

115.65
112Philippe Martin

Department of Economics, Sciences économiques, Sciences Po, Paris, France

116.73
113Tito Boeri

Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research (IGIER), Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi, Milano, Italy
Fondazione Rodolfo DEBENEDETTI (fRDB), Milano, Italy

117.69
114Jean Pisani-Ferry

Hertie School of Governance, Berlin, Germany

118.16
115Stefano Scarpetta

Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs (ELS), Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Économiques (OCDE), Paris, France

118.18
116Juan F Jimeno

Banco de España, Madrid, Spain

118.36
117Giovanni Peri

Economics Department, University of California-Davis, Davis, California (USA)

119.04
118Yener Altunbas

Bangor Business School, Bangor University, Bangor, United Kingdom

120.12
119Andrea Gerali

Banca d'Italia, Roma, Italy

121.43
120Cristina Checherita Westphal

European Central Bank, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

123.37
121Nicholas Apergis

Department of Banking and Financial Management, University of Piraeus, Piraeus, Greece

124.88
122Michele Lenza

European Central Bank, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

124.96
123Philip Vermeulen

European Central Bank, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

125.59
124Andrew Clark

Paris School of Economics, Paris, France

125.81
125Bart Verspagen

United Nations University-Maastricht Economic Research Institute of Innovation and Technology (UNU-MERIT), Maastricht, Netherlands

126.17
126Karsten Staehr

Majandusteaduskond, Tallinna Tehnikaülikool, Tallinn, Estonia

126.32
127Silvia Fabiani

Banca d'Italia, Roma, Italy

127.9
128Franc Klaassen

Tinbergen Instituut, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Amsterdam School of Economics, Faculteit Economie en Bedrijfskunde, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands

128.24
129Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan

Department of Economics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland (USA)

128.65
130Michael B. Devereux

Vancouver School of Economics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

130.37
131Bernd Hayo

Volkswirtschaft Abteilung, Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Marburg, Germany

132.1
132Andrea Bassanini

Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs (ELS), Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Économiques (OCDE), Paris, France

132.32
133Hervé Le Bihan

Banque de France, Paris, France

133.28
134Massimiliano Pisani

Banca d'Italia, Roma, Italy

134.41
135Guido Wolswijk

European Central Bank, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

134.46
136Harald Hau

Swiss Finance Institute, Genève/Zürich, Switzerland

134.55
137Francesco Giavazzi

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR), London, United Kingdom
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

134.96
138Fabrizio Coricelli

Paris School of Economics, Paris, France

137.24
139Fabien Postel-Vinay

Department of Economics, University College London (UCL), London, United Kingdom

137.64
140Henri Sterdyniak

Centre de recherche en Économie (OFCE), Sciences économiques, Sciences Po, Paris, France

140.26
141Joshua Aizenman

Department of Economics, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California (USA)

143.12
142Pau Rabanal

Research Department, International Monetary Fund (IMF), Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

144.94
143Leonardo Gambacorta

Bank for International Settlements (BIS), Basel, Switzerland

146.24
144Richard Baldwin

International Economics Section, The Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Genève, Switzerland

146.41
145Siem Jan Koopman

Afdeling Econometrie and Operations Research, School of Business and Economics, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Tinbergen Instituut, Amsterdam, Netherlands

147.18

The data presented here is experimental. It is based on a limited sample of the research output in Economics and Finance. Only material catalogued in RePEc is considered. For any citation based criterion, only works that could be parsed by the CitEc project are considered. For any ranking of people, only those registered with the RePEc Author Service can be taken into account. And for rankings of institutions, only those listed in EDIRC and claimed as affiliation by the respective, registered authors can be measured. Thus, this list is by no means based on a complete sample. You can help making this more comprehensive by encouraging more publications to be listed (instructions) and more authors to register (form). For more details on the various rankings that are available as well for documentation, follow this link.

Credits:

We do our best, but we cannot exclude errors.
IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.