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Cost of production estimates for wheat, milk and pigs in selected EU member states


  • Kleinhanß, Werner
  • Offermann, Frank
  • Butault, Jean-Pierre
  • Surry, Yves


This study summarizes cost estimates based on the EU Farm Accountancy Data Network using the General Cost of Production Model, developed, applied and tested within the FACEPA project. Results are provided for wheat, pigs and milk for the main producer countries of the EU for the period 1999 to 2007. Estimated input-output coefficients are generally based on monetary figures, expressing cost shares referring to total output. Effects of scale, specialization and location can be derived by estimates based on respective sub-samples. Costs per unit are derived based on input-output coefficients and output values, providing costs per hectare or ton for wheat and per ton of milk. There is a considerable variation between Member States not only of production costs, but also of output, and output plus subsidies (due to the national implementations of full or partially decoupling schemes), especially for wheat and milk.

Suggested Citation

  • Kleinhanß, Werner & Offermann, Frank & Butault, Jean-Pierre & Surry, Yves, 2011. "Cost of production estimates for wheat, milk and pigs in selected EU member states," Arbeitsberichte aus der vTI-Agrarökonomie 07/2011, Johann Heinrich von Thünen Institute, Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:vtiaba:072011

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Schmidt, Thomas G. & Osterburg, Bernhard & Laggner, Andreas, 2007. "Datenauswertung zur Quantifizierung diffuser Stickstoffemissionen aus der Landwirtschaft im Rahmen des Projekts 'Integriertes Monitoring des chemischen Zustandes des Grundwassers' in Niedersachsen: To," Arbeitsberichte aus der vTI-Agrarökonomie 02/2007, Johann Heinrich von Thünen Institute, Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries.
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    1. repec:eee:appene:v:195:y:2017:i:c:p:370-381 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Moncada, J.A. & Lukszo, Z. & Junginger, M. & Faaij, A. & Weijnen, M., 2017. "A conceptual framework for the analysis of the effect of institutions on biofuel supply chains," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 185(P1), pages 895-915.

    More about this item


    econometric analysis; production costs;

    JEL classification:

    • C39 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Other
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets

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