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Coin migration within the euro area

Listed author(s):
  • Seitz, Franz
  • Stoyan, Dietrich
  • Tödter, Karl-Heinz

This paper analyses how many euro coins outflow from Germany and which composition of coins is to be expected in the long run. To this end, a simple mathematical model is formulated and calibrated for €1 coins. The introduction of the euro coins in 2002 presented a unique opportunity to analyse the cross-border migration and the mixing process of coins in different euro-area countries. Based on research by Stoyan and depending on growth assumptions, the annual outflow of German €1 coins is calculated to lie somewhere between 4% and 5%. In the long run, the ratio of German €1 coins in Germany is likely to converge to around 50%.

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Paper provided by Deutsche Bundesbank in its series Discussion Paper Series 1: Economic Studies with number 2009,27.

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Date of creation: 2009
Handle: RePEc:zbw:bubdp1:200927
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  1. Ernst Baltensperger & Thomas J. Jordan, 1997. "Principles of Seigniorage," Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics (SJES), Swiss Society of Economics and Statistics (SSES), vol. 133(II), pages 133-152, June.
  2. Dietrich Stoyan & Helga Stoyan & Gunter Döge, 2004. "Statistical Analyses and Modelling of the Mixing Process of Euro Coins in Germany and Europe," Australian & New Zealand Journal of Statistics, Australian Statistical Publishing Association Inc., vol. 46(1), pages 67-77, March.
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