Labour market participation of mothers in Italy: facts, studies and public policies
In this paper we focus in particular on the participation of women with children, considering the peculiar characteristics of the Italian labour market, the social service system as well as the legislation regarding maternity leave, which have jointly constrained the possibility for women to participate to the labour market and to have children. The low employment rate among young women with children and the low fertility rate in Italy summarise the difficulties encountered by women in the Italian labour market. All these problems are more severe in the Southern regions and the distance between the economic conditions of the North and the South did not diminish in the last decades. The growth of women participation has had important effects not only on household income, but also on inequality in households income distribution. Women participation in Italy has in fact reduced households income inequality and the equalising impact of wives' work has become increasingly important over time, particularly for Northern households
|Date of creation:||Apr 2002|
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