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Labour market participation of mothers in Italy: facts, studies and public policies

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  • Daniela Del Boca

    ()

  • Silvia Pasqua

    ()

Abstract

In this paper we focus in particular on the participation of women with children, considering the peculiar characteristics of the Italian labour market, the social service system as well as the legislation regarding maternity leave, which have jointly constrained the possibility for women to participate to the labour market and to have children. The low employment rate among young women with children and the low fertility rate in Italy summarise the difficulties encountered by women in the Italian labour market. All these problems are more severe in the Southern regions and the distance between the economic conditions of the North and the South did not diminish in the last decades. The growth of women participation has had important effects not only on household income, but also on inequality in households income distribution. Women participation in Italy has in fact reduced households income inequality and the equalising impact of wives' work has become increasingly important over time, particularly for Northern households

Suggested Citation

  • Daniela Del Boca & Silvia Pasqua, 2002. "Labour market participation of mothers in Italy: facts, studies and public policies," CHILD Working Papers wp04_02, CHILD - Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic economics - ITALY.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpc:wplist:wp04_02
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    File URL: http://www.child.carloalberto.org/images/wp/child04_2002.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Massimiliano Bratti, 2003. "Labour force participation and marital fertility of Italian women: The role of education," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 16(3), pages 525-554, August.
    2. Sánchez-Mangas, Rocio & Sánchez-Marcos, Virginia, 2008. "Balancing family and work: The effect of cash benefits for working mothers," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(6), pages 1127-1142, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Labour Market Decisions; Fertility; Child care;

    JEL classification:

    • J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor
    • C3 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables
    • D1 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior

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