IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

La Politica Monetaria En Japon: Lecciones A Extraer En La Comparacion Con La De Los Eeuu

Listed author(s):
  • Alicia García Herrero

    (Banco de España)

  • César Martín Machuca

    (Banco de España)

Japan’s experience shows that very negative circumstances are required for a country to suffer from protracted deflation. The comparison of Japan’s developments in the last few years with those of the US points to large differences, which suggest that the risk of deflation in the US is low. However, the analysis of the deflation spiral in Japan could be useful to draw lessons for other countries. The first lesson to draw is that deflation is very costly and that it is difficult to anticipate. Authorities should, thus, react aggressively to avoid zero interest rates, since reaching the zero bound drastically reduces the effectiveness of monetary policy. Before reaching the zero-bound, it seems useful to adopt an inflation targeting regime, perhaps accompanied by an explicit compromise of maintaining interest rates at very low levels for a predetermined period. When zero bound is reached, the authorities still have policy instruments to fight against deflation, among them heterodox monetary measures, expansionary fiscal policy and/or substantial exchange rate depreciation. The case of Japan points to the large potential costs of these options, in terms of the central bank’s balance sheet, the sustainability of the fiscal accounts and, potentially, the stability of the international monetary system. However, Japan’s protracted stagnation and deflation is bound to be more costly.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Macroeconomics with number 0311005.

in new window

Date of creation: 12 Nov 2003
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpma:0311005
Note: Type of Document - pdf; prepared on WIN 2000; to print on HP;
Contact details of provider: Web page:

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpma:0311005. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (EconWPA)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.