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Non-Walrasian Labor Markets and Real Business Cycles

  • Marco Maffezzoli

    (Bocconi University)

The standard Real Business Cycle literature mainly focuses on Walrasian models designed to fit the US institutional framework. Differences between the US and Europe, mostly evident in the labor market, suggest that a purely Walrasian model may be inappropriate to study European business cycles. We present a stochastic version of the dynamic general equilibrium model in Daveri and Maffezzoli (2000), where unemployment is generated by monopolistic unions, and calibrate it to reproduce several long-run features of the Italian and US economies. The properties of our model are compared to the corresponding ones of Rogerson and Wright's indivisible labor model. We focus on the standard business cycle statistics, the impulse response functions, and the ability to reproduce the cyclical compo nents of the main macroeconomic variables. We conclude that: (i) the business cycle statis tics are observationally equivalent in small samples; (ii) the impulse response functions of the Monopoly Union (MU) model show a higher degree of overall persistence; (iii) the MU model enjoys a statistically significative advantage in reproducing the Italian business cycles, while its alternative seems to better explain the US business cycles.

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Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Macroeconomics with number 0004009.

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Length: 49 pages
Date of creation: 31 May 2000
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpma:0004009
Note: Type of Document - Acrobat PDF; prepared on IBM PC; to print on A4; pages: 49; figures: included. 49 pages, zip file containing separate pdf files for boby, tables, and figures
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://econwpa.repec.org

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  11. Gary Hansen, 2010. "Indivisible Labor and the Business Cycle," Levine's Working Paper Archive 233, David K. Levine.
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  13. Danthine, J.P. & Donaldson, J.B., 1993. "Non-Walrassian Economies," Papers 93-02, Columbia - Graduate School of Business.
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  20. Kydland, Finn E & Prescott, Edward C, 1982. "Time to Build and Aggregate Fluctuations," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(6), pages 1345-70, November.
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  25. Westermark, Andreas, 1999. "A Model of Union Formation," Working Paper Series 1999:8, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
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  27. Pencavel, John, 1985. " Wages and Employment under Trade Unionism: Microeconomic Models and Macroeconomic Applications," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 87(2), pages 197-225.
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