IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Efficiency in Finacial Regulation and Reform of Supervisory


  • Ramiro Tovar-Landa

    (Instituto Tecnologico Autonomo de Mexico)


Traditionally, the financial regulation it used to structure itself on the basis of specialized organizations, each one responsible to supervise the intermediaries by the type of activity that was carried out. The current trend is toward an integrated model that reunite in one or two organizations the different functions that previously were responsibility of diverse specialized authorities. From the modern theory of economic regulations it is possible to assess a regulatory regimen by how close is to address the market failures on the market supposed to regulated and how minimal is the social cost it imposed over its regulated entities and the market as a whole. A regulatory regime of fragmented supervisory authorities increases the risk of regulatory failures therefore not always capable to exploit the economies of scale and scope in a regulatory task intensive in opportune information gathering and processing, also exposed to regulatory forbearance and becoming interest groups by themselves. In fact, becoming each regulator a monopoly over its regulated entities, creating rents by protecting a turf of captive supervisory powers incompatible and unsynchronized with each other. Therefore, incrementing the cost of regulation. Considering the cost of regulation as a fixed cost on each domestic financial market. An efficient setting would be a low fixed cost relative to a high sized financial market. The relative performance efficiency between the multiple regulatory agencies model and the single regulator model is empirically an open question, despite of the international spread of the single model in the last decade in more than ten countries. Low income countries with severe underdeveloped financial markets and costly multiple authorities scheme calls for a prime candidates to reform its financial regulatory. Using indicators from supervisory cost and financial activity size, Mexico appears to be the economy with the highest fixed cost in an underdeveloped or small size financial activity relative to the GDP therefore, it means a highly inefficient regulatory organization. Urgent supervisory institutional scheme reform is required according with international benchmarks.

Suggested Citation

  • Ramiro Tovar-Landa, 2002. "Efficiency in Finacial Regulation and Reform of Supervisory," Law and Economics 0209002, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwple:0209002
    Note: Type of Document - Acrobat; prepared on iMac; pages: 22; figures: 2 included. Prepared for the 8th APEC FINANCIERS┬┤GROUP MEETING in behalf of the Asociacion de Banqueros de Mexico.

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    Banking Regulation; Prudential Regulation; Regulatory Failures;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • K23 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - Regulated Industries and Administrative Law
    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwple:0209002. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no bibliographic references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: EconWPA (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.