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The Rush Hour: The Quality of Leisure Time and Gender Equity


  • Michael Bittman
  • Judy Wajcman


The distribution of leisure time between the sexes is contested. Becker's theory of specialisation suggests that there is an underlying gender equity in leisure, while the competing view suggests that women are now bearing a 'dual burden' as both family providers and family carers. Using indicators of the quantity and quality of leisure, drawn from the Multinational Time Budget Data Archive and the Australian Time Use Survey, this paper finds some support for both views. Although men and women have similar quantities of free time, when the quality of leisure is considered the gap between sexes re-emerges.

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  • Michael Bittman & Judy Wajcman, 1999. "The Rush Hour: The Quality of Leisure Time and Gender Equity," Discussion Papers 0097, University of New South Wales, Social Policy Research Centre.
  • Handle: RePEc:wop:sprcdp:0097

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    Cited by:

    1. Dupont, Diane P., 2004. "Do children matter? An examination of gender differences in environmental valuation," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(3), pages 273-286, July.
    2. Heikkilä, Anni & Piekkola, Hannu, 2003. "Economic Inequality and Household Production - The Effects of Specialization of Genders," Discussion Papers 867, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
    3. Piekkola, Hannu & Harmoinen, Liisa, 2003. "Time Use and Options for Retirement in Europe," Discussion Papers 868, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.

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