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On Emergence and Explanation


  • Nils A. Baas
  • Claus Emmeche


Emergence is a universal phenomenon that can be defined mathematically in a very general way. This is useful for the study of scientifically legitimate explanations of complex systems, here defined as hyperstructures. A requirement is that the observation mechanisms are considered within the general framework. Two notions of emergence are defined, and specific examples of these are discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Nils A. Baas & Claus Emmeche, 1997. "On Emergence and Explanation," Working Papers 97-02-008, Santa Fe Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:wop:safiwp:97-02-008

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Barry McMullin, 1997. "Computational Autopoiesis: The Original Algorithm," Working Papers 97-01-001, Santa Fe Institute.
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    Cited by:

    1. Marsh, Leslie & Onof, Christian, 2007. "Stigmergic epistemology, stigmergic cognition," MPRA Paper 10004, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Gibson, Clark C. & Ostrom, Elinor & Ahn, T. K., 2000. "The concept of scale and the human dimensions of global change: a survey," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 217-239, February.
    3. Stefano Balbi & Carlo Giupponi, 2009. "Reviewing agent-based modelling of socio-ecosystems: a methodology for the analysis of climate change adaptation and sustainability," Working Papers 2009_15, Department of Economics, University of Venice "Ca' Foscari".


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