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Experiments with Oval: A Radically Tailorable Tool for Cooperative Work

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  • Thomas W. Malone
  • Kum-Yew Lai
  • Christopher Fry

Abstract

This paper describes a series of tests of the generality of a "radically tailorable" tool for cooperative work. Users of this system can create applications by combining and modifying four kinds of building blocks: objects, views, agents, and links. We found that user-level tailoring of these primitives can provide most of the functionality found in well-known cooperative work systems such as gIBIS, Coordinator, Lotus Notes, and Information Lens. These primitives, therefore, appear to provide an elementary "tailoring language" out of which a wide variety of integrated information management and collaboration applications can be constructed by end users.

Suggested Citation

  • Thomas W. Malone & Kum-Yew Lai & Christopher Fry, 1994. "Experiments with Oval: A Radically Tailorable Tool for Cooperative Work," Working Paper Series 181, MIT Center for Coordination Science.
  • Handle: RePEc:wop:mitccs:181
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    Cited by:

    1. Okamura, Kazuo., 1993. "Technology mediation : an organizational mechanism for contextualizing technologies in use," Working papers WP 3612-93., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
    2. Kamoche, Ken & Cunha, Miguel Pina e & Cunha, Joao Vieira da, 2000. "Shopping for new glasses: looking beyond jazz in the study of organization improvisation," FEUNL Working Paper Series wp381, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Faculdade de Economia.
    3. Stefan Ioan NITCHI & Alin MIHAILA & Marius PODEAN, 2009. "Collaboration and Virtualization in Large Information Systems Projects," Informatica Economica, Academy of Economic Studies - Bucharest, Romania, vol. 13(2), pages 12-19.
    4. Malone, Thomas W. & Crowston, Kevin., 1993. "The interdisciplinary study of coordination," Working papers 3630-93. CCSTR ; #157., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
    5. Orlikowski, Wanda J. (Wanda Janina), 1995. "Improvising organizational transformation over time : a situated change perspective," Working papers 3865-95., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
    6. Okamura, Kazuo., 1994. "Helping CSCW applications succeed : the role of mediators in the context of use," Working papers 3717-94. CCSTR ; #171., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
    7. Orlikowski, Wanda J. (Wanda Janina), 1999. "Technologies-in-practice : an enacted lens for studying technology in organizations," Working papers WP 4056-99., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
    8. Malone, Thomas W., 1993. "Tools for inventing organizations : toward a handbook of organizational processes," Working papers #88-93. Working paper (Sl, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.
    9. Orlikowski, Wanda J. (Wanda Janina), 1995. "Action and artifact : the structuring of technologies-in-use," Working papers 3867-95., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Sloan School of Management.

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