Spanish exports and logistics needs. A spatial marked point pattern approach
This paper aims to analyse whether the existing logistic platforms network in Spain is covering the Spanish transport demand by using a spatial marked point pattern analysis (Baddeley, 2008). In particular, we use the demand of transport to export goods as a proxy of the demand of logistics infrastructure in Spain. Then, we obtain data of trade flows between Spanish regions (NUTS level 2), as well as data of exports from every Spanish region to European Union members in the year 2000 and 2007. We also obtain data about the different logistics platforms existing in Spain. We incorporate transportation network structure in spatial econometric models of commodity flows (LeSage and Polasek, 2008) and we also consider those variables traditionally included in gravity models (Deardorff, 1995), such as income and population, as extra information that the points have (marks) and which represents an â€šÃ„Ãºattributeâ€šÃ„Ã¹ of the point. Obtained results should provide evidence about the location of the logistics platforms (land, maritime and intermodal) required in order to satisfy optimally the existing demand of transport infrastructure. References â€šÃ„Â¢ AlamâˆšÂ°-Sabater, L., Artal-Tur, A. and Navarro-Azorâˆšâ‰ n, J.M. (forthcoming), â€šÃ„ÃºIndustrial location, spatial discrete choice models and the need to account for neighborhood effects,â€šÃ„Ã¹ The Annals of Regional Research. â€šÃ„Â¢ Baddeley, A. (2008), â€šÃ„ÃºAnalysing spatial point patterns in Râ€šÃ„Ã¹, CSIRO and University of Western Australia. http://www.csiro.au/resources/Spatial-Point-Patterns-in-R.html â€šÃ„Â¢ Deardorff, A. V. (1995), â€šÃ„ÃºDeterminants of bilateral trade: Does gravity work in a Neo-classical word?â€šÃ„Ã¹, NBER Working Paper 5377. â€šÃ„Â¢ LeSage, J.P., and Polasek, W. (2008) 'Incorporating Transportation Network Structure in Spatial Econometric Models of Commodity Flows,' Spatial Economic Analysis, Taylor and Francis Journals, vol. 3(2), pages 225-245. â€šÃ„Â¢ James P. LeSage and R. Kelley Pace, 2008. 'Spatial Econometric Modeling Of Origin-Destination Flows,' Journal of Regional Science, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 48(5), pages 941-967.
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- Bergstrand, Jeffrey H, 1989. "The Generalized Gravity Equation, Monopolistic Competition, and the Factor-Proportions Theory in International Trade," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 71(1), pages 143-53, February.
- Alan Deardorff, 1998.
"Determinants of Bilateral Trade: Does Gravity Work in a Neoclassical World?,"
in: The Regionalization of the World Economy, pages 7-32
National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Alan V. Deardorff, 1995. "Determinants of Bilateral Trade: Does Gravity Work in a Neoclassical World?," NBER Working Papers 5377, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Deardorff, A.V., 1995. "Determinants of Bilateral Trade : Does Gravity Work in a Neoclassical World?," Papers 95-05, Michigan - Center for Research on Economic & Social Theory.
- Kelejian, Harry H & Prucha, Ingmar R, 1999. "A Generalized Moments Estimator for the Autoregressive Parameter in a Spatial Model," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 40(2), pages 509-33, May.
- LeSage, James P. & Polasek, Wolfgang, 2006.
"Incorporating Transportation Network Structure in Spatial Econometric Models of Commodity Flows,"
188, Institute for Advanced Studies.
- James Paul Lesage & Wolfgang Polasek, 2008. "Incorporating Transportation Network Structure in Spatial Econometric Models of Commodity Flows," Spatial Economic Analysis, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 3(2), pages 225-245.
- Bergstrand, Jeffrey H, 1985. "The Gravity Equation in International Trade: Some Microeconomic Foundations and Empirical Evidence," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 67(3), pages 474-81, August.
- LeSage, James P., 1997. "Regression Analysis of Spatial Data," Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy, Mid-Continent Regional Science Association, vol. 27(2).
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