IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Ahmedabad : more but different government for"slum free"and livable cities


  • Annez, Patricia Clarke
  • Bertaud, Alain
  • Bertaud, Marie-Agnes
  • Bhatt, Bijal
  • Bhatt, Chirayu
  • Patel, Bimal
  • Phatak, Vidyadhar


This paper analyzes real estate market dynamics over the past decade in the city of Ahmedabad, India, with a view to improving the living conditions of the large population living in slums. The paper combines census data, the National Sample Survey, and slum household surveys to review the demand side of the market. Satellite photography was used to estimate the production of both formal and informal housing over the past ten years. Analysis of the execution of the development plan for the Ahmedabad region and town planning schemes shows how the system of housing supply has evolved. These analyses are used to assess the feasibility of various approaches to achieving"slum free"cities, the goal of the Government of India's planned assistance program Rajiv Awas Yojana. The paper concludes that notwithstanding a substantial increase in public housing production in recent years, providing subsidized formal homes from government or through reservations for lower income groups in private developments would take more than a generation just to handle the current slum population -- representing one-third of households. Providing basic environmental infrastructure services in existing underserved neighborhoods -- a proven approach under the Slum Networking Program -- and bolstering infrastructure networks for the city to accommodate increased demand are affordable and feasible. Addressing issues such as rural-urban land conversion and ambiguous land tenure, and allowing flexibility for realistic building standards and increasing maximum floor space standards in certain neighborhoods can help to ensure a growing supply of housing that is affordable for moderate and low-income households.

Suggested Citation

  • Annez, Patricia Clarke & Bertaud, Alain & Bertaud, Marie-Agnes & Bhatt, Bijal & Bhatt, Chirayu & Patel, Bimal & Phatak, Vidyadhar, 2012. "Ahmedabad : more but different government for"slum free"and livable cities," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6267, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:6267

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Prottoy A. Akbar & Victor Couture & Gilles Duranton & Adam Storeygard, 2018. "Mobility and Congestion in Urban India," NBER Working Papers 25218, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Bertaud, Alain, 2014. "Converting land into affordable housing floor space," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6870, The World Bank.


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:6267. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Roula I. Yazigi). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.