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AIDS and dualism : Ethiopia's burden under rational expectations

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  • Bell, Clive
  • Koukoumelis, Anastasios

Abstract

An AIDS epidemic threatens Ethiopia with a long wave of premature adult mortality, and thus with an enduring setback to capital formation and economic growth. The authors develop a two-sector model with three overlapping generations and intersectorally mobile labor, in which young adults allocate resources under rational expectations. They calibrate the model to the demographic and economic data, and perform simulations for the period ending in 2100 under alternative assumptions about mortality with and without the epidemic. Although the epidemic does not bring about a catastrophic economic collapse, which is hardly possible in view of Ethiopia's poverty and high background adult mortality, it does cause a permanent, downward displacement of the path of output per head, amounting to 10 percent in 2100. An externally funded program to combat the disease is socially very profitable.

Suggested Citation

  • Bell, Clive & Koukoumelis, Anastasios, 2009. "AIDS and dualism : Ethiopia's burden under rational expectations," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4919, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:4919
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    Keywords

    Population Policies; Economic Theory&Research; Access to Finance; Adolescent Health;

    JEL classification:

    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

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