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How much do state-owned public enterprises contribute to public sector deficits in developing countries - and why?


  • Nair, Govindan
  • Filippides, Anastasio


The present paper is the product of an effort to systematize some of the state owned enterprise (SOE) data that have become available recently. Part one of the paper begins by examining the role of SOEs on aggregate value added and investment, during the 1980-85 period in developing countries. This part of the paper is comparative in nature and emphasizes the empirical dimensions of SOE contributions to macroeconomic aggregates rather than on strategies for reforming SOEs that have been discussed extensively elsewhere. Part two of the paper sets out the detailed data used summarily in part one and presents notes on methodology and data definitions for individual countries. As most of the data assembled for this paper has not been systematized or published previously, part two opens up several avenues for further analysis. In particular, since institutional differences limit the comparability across countries of the financing mechanisms of SOEs, much of the data in part two can also be used for country specific rather than cross country analysis as was done in part one.

Suggested Citation

  • Nair, Govindan & Filippides, Anastasio, 1988. "How much do state-owned public enterprises contribute to public sector deficits in developing countries - and why?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 45, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:45

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. David Robalino, 2005. "Pensions in the Middle East and North Africa: Time for Change," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 7427.
    2. Impavido, Gregorio, 2002. "On the governance of public pension fund management," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2878, The World Bank.
    3. Palacios, Robert, 2002. "Managing public pension reserves Part II : lessons from five recent OECD initiatives," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 33407, The World Bank.
    4. Iglesias, Augusto & Palacios, Robert J., 2000. "Managing public pension reserves - Part I : evidence from the international experience," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 21311, The World Bank.
    5. Olivia S. Mitchell & Ping Lung Hsin, 1994. "Public Sector Pension Governance and Performance," NBER Working Papers 4632, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Cited by:

    1. Patrick PLANE, 1992. "Large Versus Small Parapublic Sector Countries," Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 63(3), pages 417-435, July.
    2. Shah, Anwar & Whalley, John, 1990. "An alternative view of tax incidence analysis for developing countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 462, The World Bank.
    3. Patrick Plane, 1996. "La privatisation dans les pays en développement : déterminants et conséquences macro-économiques," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 125(4), pages 19-36.
    4. -, 1993. "Revista de la CEPAL no.49," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), April.


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