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Policy determinants of growth : survey of theory and evidence

Author

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  • Easterly, William R.
  • Wetzel, Deborah L.

Abstract

This paper explores the broad themes of the literature on economic growth. It makesthe following two broad conclusions. First, it notes that the efficiency of investment is as important as the level of investment in determining growth performance. Secondly, it states that keeping to a minimum the distortion of resource allocation by government policies makes saving and investment more efficient and promotes long-term economic growth. Policies that contribute to the efficiency of investment and that lower distortions in resource allocation will thus generally encourage growth. Policies that promote investment, liberalize trade restrictions and remove distortions in financial markets are likely to raise a country's long-run rate of growth. It is noted, however, that more research is needed to formulate structural models of growth that give clear guidance on the effect of various policy measures.

Suggested Citation

  • Easterly, William R. & Wetzel, Deborah L., 1989. "Policy determinants of growth : survey of theory and evidence," Policy Research Working Paper Series 343, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:343
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Levine, Ross & Renelt, David, 1991. "Cross-country studies of growth and policy : methodological, conceptual, and statistical problems," Policy Research Working Paper Series 608, The World Bank.
    2. Claessens, Stijn, 1993. "Alternative Forms of External Finance: A Survey," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 8(1), pages 91-117, January.
    3. Chirwa, Themba Gilbert & Odhiambo, Nicholas Mbaya, 2016. "An empirical test of the exogenous growth models: Evidence from three Southern African countries," Working Papers 21083, University of South Africa, Department of Economics.
    4. Turnovsky, Stephen J. & Chattopadhyay, Pradip, 2003. "Volatility and growth in developing economies: some numerical results and empirical evidence," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(2), pages 267-295, March.
    5. Ghani, Ejaz, 1992. "How financial markets affect long run growth : a cross country study," Policy Research Working Paper Series 843, The World Bank.
    6. Mukul GUPTA & Rahul BUDHADEV & Varun CHOTIA & N V Muralidhar RAO, 2016. "Integrating the issue of infrastructural investment with economic growth: The case of India," Theoretical and Applied Economics, Asociatia Generala a Economistilor din Romania - AGER, vol. 0(3(608), A), pages 141-162, Autumn.
    7. Mukul GUPTA & Rahul BUDHADEV & Varun CHOTIA & N V Muralidhar RAO, 2016. "Integrating the issue of infrastructural investment with economic growth: The case of India," Theoretical and Applied Economics, Asociatia Generala a Economistilor din Romania - AGER, vol. 0(3(608), A), pages 141-162, Autumn.
    8. Easterly, William R., 1989. "Policy distortions, size of government, and growth," Policy Research Working Paper Series 344, The World Bank.
    9. Matthias Cinyabuguma & Bernardin Akitoby, 2004. "Sources of Growth in the Democratic Republic of the Congo; A Cointegration Approach," IMF Working Papers 04/114, International Monetary Fund.
    10. Somik Lall, 2007. "Infrastructure and regional growth, growth dynamics and policy relevance for India," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 41(3), pages 581-599, September.
    11. Themba G. Chirwa & Nicholas M. Odhiambo, 2017. "Sources of Economic Growth in Zambia: An Empirical Investigation," Global Business Review, International Management Institute, vol. 18(2), pages 275-290, April.
    12. Stefania Villa, 2005. "Determinants of growth in Italy. A time series analysis," Quaderni DSEMS 24-2005, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche, Matematiche e Statistiche, Universita' di Foggia.
    13. Renelt, David, 1991. "Economic growth : a review of the theoretical and empirical literature," Policy Research Working Paper Series 678, The World Bank.
    14. repec:wbk:wbpubs:28025 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Riccardo Faini & Jaime de Melo, 2015. "Adjustment, Investment and the Real Exchange Rate in Developing Countries," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: Developing Countries in the World Economy, chapter 6, pages 137-165 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    16. Chirwa, Themba G & Odhiambo, Nicholas M, 2016. "The drivers of real sector growth in Malawi: an empirical investigation," Working Papers 20037, University of South Africa, Department of Economics.

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